Q.1) It would be a litmus test for both the Indian diplomacy and the new US administration to accommodate each other's concerns, when China is becoming more assertive and Russia is searching for new partners. Comment (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - With India set to get the consignment of the S-400 air defence system, it is closely watching the United States decision to impose sanctions on Turkey over Ankara’s acquisition of Russian S-400 air defence systems. 

Intro - Evolving India-US ties amid new US admin and assertive China.

Body - 

  • Present state of India’s ties with US-Russia-China.
  • Challenges - Maintaining strategic autonomy etc

Way ahead - National interest is of prime importance.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2 Discuss the role played by the Ayushman Bharat (AB-PMJAY) scheme of government of India in tackling the Covid-19 pandemic. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - The National Health Agency (NHA) has released its data on “The role of private hospitals” under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY). 

Intro - About Ayusman Bharat - PMJAY

Body - 

  • Salient features of the scheme
  • Role of AB-PMJDY in tackling the covid-19 pandemic

Way ahead - More transparency so that accountability of private empanelled hospitals can be set.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.3) Discuss the factors which play a key role in establishing an effective justice delivery system in India. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The U.S. has about 100 judges per million population. Canada has about 75 and the U.K. has about 50. India, on the other hand, has only 19 judges per million population. Of these, at any given point, at least one-fourth is always vacant. 

Introduction: Mention the constitutional provisions for justice delivery- Art 39A, Article 14 and 22(1)


The following factors also a play a big role in the justice delivery system:

  • Spending on judiciary
  • Judge-population ratio
  • Access to justice

According to the Supreme Court Bench in the case of Anita Kushwaha vs Pushap Sudan the following are the four main facets that constitute the essence of access to justice:

  • The State must provide an effective adjudicatory mechanism;
  • The mechanism so provided must be reasonably accessible in terms of distance;
  • The process of adjudication must be speedy;
  • The litigant’s access to the adjudicatory process must be affordable.

Conclusion: Summarize and provide a way forward.

Q.4) Discuss the issue of transfer of judges and the role of collegium system in it. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • The Supreme Court collegium has recommended transfer of judges of several high courts amid controversy over Chief Justice of Andhra High Court .

Introduction: Briefly discuss the issue of transfer of judges India.


  • Collegium system
  • Procedure followed and criticisms
  • Right to recommend transfer of the collegium

Conclusion: Summarize the above points.