current-affairs-based-mains-drill-15-october-2021

 

Q. POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 has made an enabling atmosphere to tackle hunger crisis and malnutrition. However, it needs to account for the new problems in the covid times to make India malnutrition free. Examine. 

Why the question:

Covid-19 has disrupted almost everything. As always, in any emergency, the hardest hit are the poor. In poor households, women and children are the worst affected.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 in tackling malnutrition and further steps that are required in the light of the disruptions created by the pandemic.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0, its aims and objectives.

Body:

First, write about the successes of Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 1.0 and 2.0 in tackling the issue of hunger and malnutrition.

Next, right about the disruptions created by the pandemic in this regard – disruption in food systems, dried-up income sources, job losses and consequent financial hardships etc. Bring outs it impact.

Next, suggest steps to further streamline POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the fact that by making POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 a resounding success, India takes a step towards achieving SDG-2.

For Model Answer

 

Q) Minimum Support Price (MSP) as the main source of growth in Farmers’ Income is not all sufficient. A strategy focused on income diversification and technology-based value chains in agriculture is needed to double farmers income. Discuss. 

Why the question:

Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) of agricultural households conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO). 

Key Demand of the question:

To write about need to focus on diversification and technology-based value chains to double farmers income.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the ambitious goal of doubling farmers income.

Body:

First, write the drawbacks of MSP which is not sufficient to improve farmers income.

Next, write about diversification – Increase in productivity of crops, Increase in production of livestock, intensity and Diversification towards high value crops etc.

Next, write about technology-based value chains leading to Improved price realization by farmers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to double farmers income whilst including recommendations of Ashok Dalwai committee.

For Model Answer

 

Q) Developing appropriate mitigation strategies and risk reduction plans, along with greater public awareness, is a must disaster management in India. Analyse. 

Why the question:

Cyclone Gulab which made landfall  at Kalingaptnam left a trail of destruction in the north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, throwing normal life out of gear.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the further vulnerability of coastal states to the cyclones in the face of climate changed and measures needed to adapt and cope with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief introduction on cyclones that have affected India in recent times.

Body:

In first part, cite increasing frequency of cyclones on both the eastern and western coast of India due to impact of climate change.

Next, bring out the economic costs and human costs as a result of devastation caused by the severe cyclones.

Write about the steps that are needed. Enhancing national, state, district and local level advocacy partnerships and knowledge management for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction, Developing hazard risk management tools, methodologies and practices etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

For Model Answer