Q1.) AI as a technology holds tremendous potential for a country like India, which is data rich and has the requisite technological capability to create AI solutions for many of its problems. Discuss.

Why this question?

Recently the National AI Portal (INDIAai) celebrated its first anniversary.

Key demand of the Question 

Potential of development of AI in India and challenges it can address.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Give an overview of AI.


In the first part, highlight the potential of AI in India and the challenges it can address. 

In the next part, discuss the concerns related to it.


Conclude with a way forward.

For Model Answer


Q.2)The waste-to-energy initiative can boost India's goal of “energy diversification”. Critically evaluate.

Why this Question:

Indian Oil and NDMC have signed a MoU for development of a waste to energy plant at Ranikhera.

Key demand of the Question:

Evaluation of the waste-to-energy initiative and its future in India.


Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true, or to what extent you agree with them. Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources which both agree with and contradict an argument. Come to a final conclusion, basing your decision on what you judge to be the most important factors and justify how you have made your choice.


Give an introduction about the waste-to-energy initiative of the government.


In the first part, write about advantages of the initiative and the need and impact of this initiative in a country like India where maximum of the energy demands are met from imports and mostly of the conventional sources of energy which are non-renewable.

In the next part, mention the challenges that the initiative is likely to face.


Conclude by giving a way forward to overcome the challenges.

For Model Answer


Q.3)The role of Khap Panchayats has increased during the farmer protests. Critically examine how Khap Panchayats help in strengthening local rural governance.

Why this question:

The Khap Panchayats have been playing an important part in the farmers’ protests over the Farm Laws.

Key demand of the question:

The role and Khap Panchayats in rural areas and the issues associated with them. Provide solutions for the issues.


Critically examine - This question expects you to first present the judgment, then put forward your opinion on the judgment and substantiate it. Mention the opposite argument and highlight the drawbacks of the argument. Conclude by giving your firm opinion on the topic


Briefly introduce what are Khap Panchayats and areas where they are prevalent.  


In the first part, mention the importance of Khap Panchayats in strengthening governance in rural areas w.r.t. quick decisions on issues, trust it has among the masses.

In the next part, highlight the issues associated with them like female foeticide, honour killings, forced marriages, gender discrimination, etc. Mention the SC ruling that interference of Khap Panchayats in the marital choices of individuals is illegal. Also mention that currently there is a need to regulate the functioning of khap Panchayats instead of completely turning them down, reform their structure and monitor their functions.


Conclude with a way forward.

For Model Answer