current-affairs-based-mains-drill-14-october-2021

Q.) The  reorganisation of states in India presented the next big challenge in post-independent India. Discuss how the reorganisation was done while preserving the unity of the nation. 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the process of internal reorganisation of India post-independence.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the introduction to the state of independent regions of formerly British Indian states and Princely states and the challenges it posed.

Body:

Mention elaborate on the various challenges to drawing internal boundaries of post Independent India. The task of disregarding the administrative boundaries drawn by the British as opposed to linguistic reorganisation coupled with the push factors of many languages based regional groups should be discussed.

Highlighting the role of Potti Sriramulu and the consequent formation of States Reorganisation Commission. Mention the steps taken in the aftermath.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that steps taken for the internal reorganisation of India were successful in forging national unity.


 

Q.) Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD) has the major target to advance inclusive and resilient economic development but there is much more potential in Indo-U.S bilateral relations for both to emerge as global leaders in the climate action and clean energy sectors. Analyse. 

Why the question:

India and the United States of America (USA) launched the “Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about CAFMD and the fruther potential of Indo-U.S bilateral relationship with respect to

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD) and its objectives.

Body:

First write about the potential of CAFMD in developing resilient and inclusive economic development.

Next, bring out the recent Indo-U. S collaborations on clean energy projects Mention about the US- India target towards raising global climate ambition and speed India’s clean energy transition and U.S aid in India’s renewable energy targets etc

Next, write about the potential it has make them global leaders in clean energy sector. The opportunities presented by COP26, Climate Ambition, Climate Finance, Global Climate Initiatives, including International Solar Alliance (ISA), Agriculture Innovation Mission for Climate (AIM4C) etc

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to truly realise the potential of this partnership.


 

Q.) RBI’s Account Aggregator framework is an encouraging stimulus for easing of credit flow in the economy, especially for the MSME sector. Comment. (250 words)

Why the question:

The Reserve Bank of India launched the account aggregator framework aimed at making financial data more easily accessible.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role Account aggregators can play in improving credit flow in the economy as well as credit flow to the MSME sectors.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining what is an account aggregator.

Body:

First, write about the issue of customer data being fragmented in databases of banks, lenders, insurance companies, government bodies, and RBI’s account aggregator being a solution for seamless and secure data sharing digitally.

Also mention the benefits to MSME such as quick link of data, no need for a physical collateral, lack of organised records of financial statements pushes MSMEs to secure credit through informal channels etc and this promotes a fast access to small formal credit. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that and RBI’s Account Aggregator framework is a step in the right direction and further steps that are needed to make it secure and effective.