Q.1) Discuss the Renewable energy generation capacity of India and challenges that India faces to enhance its renewable energy generation capacity. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - According to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) new report - Renewables 2020 - Analysis and forecast to 2025, India may contribute the most towards pushing the renewable energy sector up in 2021.  

Intro - India aims to have a renewables capacity of 175 GW by 2022. 


  • Current renewable energy generation capacity and future targets.
  • Steps taken by govt to enhance capacity.
  • Challenges.

Way ahead - How to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) What is the significance of right to work in India? Examine the various challenges and suggest a way forward for making the right to work be made real in India. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • As economies around the world struggle to recover from the double whammy of a pandemic and a lockdown, unemployment is soaring. There is a growing demand for work as a right. 

Introduction:  Mention in brief the definition of right to work, Right to work under human rights

  • Legal status of right to work in India: MGNREGA, statutory right
  • Significance: 
    • Declining jobs-to-GDP ratio, and mostly jobless growth

    • Responsibility of the state in a capitalist economy 


  • Ignoring GDP per capita
  • Distribution issues
  • Profound lack of public goods and assets
  • Weak labour laws

Way forward:

  • Decentralised Urban Employment and Training, or DUET
  • Creating public goods
  • Providing basic services
  • Better condition for workers

  • Tightening the labour market

Conclusion: Summarize the above discussion


Q.3) India’s move of not joining RCEP has multifaceted implications. Comment.

Why this question?

India and ASEAN countries said that they would explore ways to increase trade between them despite India’s exit from the 15-nation Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement.


Mention in brief about RCEP


  • Details of RCEP and it’s significance
  • Background of India’s reasons of not joining
  • Mention implications on India’s trade relations
    • Negative
    • Positive
  • Few suggestions for improving trade relations in the region


Summarize the above discussion.


Q.4) The AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0 announced recently has the potential to help the nation tide over the COVID-19 pandemic.Critically comment. (250 words)

Why this question?

Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs has recently announced 12 key measures, as part of the Government of India’s stimulus to the economy


In brief about the crisis due to COVID-19


  • Mention details of AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0
    • 12 major announcements
  • Mention how it would help the country
  • Mention the neglected sectors in the AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0
  • Mention what more needs to be done 


Summarize the above discussion