Q1. Recently India became a non-permanent member of the UNSC for the eighth time. Discuss India’s objective and challenges. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - Recently, the External Affairs minister of India made indirect references of both China and Pakistan at the UN Security Council (UNSC) for making false distinctions between “good” and “bad” terrorists. 

Intro - Mention India’s increasing role in global platforms such as WHO executive board, UNSC, expansion of G-7  etc

Body -

  • About UNSC and non permanent membership
  • India’s objectives
    • New Orientation for a Reformed Multilateral System’
    • Highlight international terrorism, United Nations reforms and Security Council expansion, streamlining the world body’s peacekeeping operations and technology initiatives etc
  • Significance
    • 75th year of Independence(2021)
    • Win a unanimous endorsement from the 55-nation grouping that included both China and Pakistan
    • Afghanistan agreed to step aside for the 2021-22 seat etc
  • Challenges

Way ahead - How to overcome the above challenges
Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q2. The delay in convening the 19th SAARC Summit and the absence of formal meetings of the SAARC Charter bodies since 2016, has greatly impacted the functioning of SAARC. What steps should be taken to make it regain its relevance? (150 words)

Why this question?

  • Most countries recently agreed that it is not the “opportune time” to convene the summit as proposed by Pakistan, given the COVID-19 situation.

Introduction: Docs in brief about SAARC and member nations.


  • Reasons for delay in holding SAARC Summit: India’s problems with Pakistan on terrorism, territorial claims and on its role in blocking SAARC initiatives on connectivity and trade
  • Relevance of SAARC:
    • Pandemic-caused challenges
    • A time for regional initiatives
    • China’s aggression
    • Fragmented of South Asia

Conclusion: Conclude with a way forward