- The Adhoc Committee set up Rajya Sabha has made 40 recommendations in total that will be crucial to prevent sexual abuse of children.
About House Committee Report
- It calls for a multi-pronged strategy to be adopted.
- It charted out detailed measures to be implemented in technological, institutional, social and educational realm at both central and federal levels.
- It has also suggested measures to curb access to and transmission of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM)t on various social media platforms.
- Recommendations are related to adoption of a broader definition of child pornography, controlling access for children to such content,etc.
- Advocating or counseling sexual activities with a person under the age of 18 years should be made an offence.
- It has rooted for Cyber-grooming
- Cyber Grooming as defined by ILO is “the practice of establishing/building an emotional relationship with a child either in person or through the use of digital technology to sexually exploit them.
- Code of Conduct for intermediaries (online platforms), Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
- For maintaining child safety online
- Ensuring age appropriate content and curbing use of children for pornographic purposes.
- National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal shall be designated as the national portal under reporting requirements in case of electronic material.
- School management should be responsible for the safety of children within schools.
- Punitive measures for those providing pornographic access to children
- Extending also for those who access, produce or transmit Child Sexual Abuse Material(CSAM).
- Union Government shall be empowered through its designated authority to block and/or prohibit all websites/intermediaries that carry child sexual abuse material.
- Making intermediaries (ISPs) responsible for all measures
- To proactively identify and remove Child Sexual Abuse Material.
- To report it to Indian authorities in addition to the foreign authorities.
- Related to Apps, Social Media and Streaming Platforms
- Mandatory pre installation of Apps that help in monitoring children's access, on all devices sold in India.
- All social media platforms should be mandated with minimum essential technologies to detect Child Sexual Abuse Material.
- On-streaming platforms like Netflix and social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook etc. should have separate adult sections where under- aged children could be disallowed.
- Social media shall have mechanisms for age verification and restricting access to objectionable/obscene material.
- Breaking Encryption and Tracing
- Empowering Law enforcement agencies to break end to end encryption to trace distributors of child pornography.
- Blockchain analysis companies should be coordinated with to trace identities of users engaging in crypto currency transactions to purchase child pornography online.
- National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) should be upgraded and technologically empowered to be designated as the nodal agency to deal with the issue of child pornography.
- The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) shall mandatorily record and report annually cases of child pornography of all kinds.
Social and Educational measures
- Awareness campaigns by MoWCD (Women and Child Development) for greater awareness among parents to recognize early signs of child abuse, online risks and improving online safety for their child.
- Training programmes for parents at least twice a year, making them aware of hazards for children of free access to smartphones, internet at an early age.
State level implementation
- Empowered State Commission in each state and UT for the Protection for Child Rights like NCPCR.
- E-safety Commissioners are appointed at the state level to ensure implementation of social media and website guidelines .
- The Committee called for building up of a global political alliance to combat child pornography on the lines of International Solar Alliance initiative.
All in all, the Parliamentary panel comes as a novel approach that may serve as a role model.
It should be followed on a regular basis to get members of Rajya Sabha to deliberate on pressing social issues.