India is the largest democracy in the world having a diversity of cultures, scripts, languages, and religions. As we know democracy is a rule of the majority. But the minorities are also equally important for its successful working. Therefore, the protection of language, culture, and religion of the minorities becomes essential so that the minorities may not feel neglected or undermined under the impact of the majority rule. Since people take pride in their own culture and language, a special right is known as Cultural and Educational Right has been included in the Chapter on Fundamental Rights. In Articles 29-30 two major provisions have been made:
- Protection of interests of minorities: Any minority group having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same. No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.
- The right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions: All Minorities, whether based on religion or language, have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of an educational institution established and administered by a minority, the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause. The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.
Also read: Rights, Duties And The Constitution