Q. Critically analyse the performance of National Green Tribunal (NGT) in upholding its responsibility. Do you think the endowment of Suo-motu powers to NGT is a step in right direction? 

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has declared the National Green Tribunal’s (NGT) position as a “unique” forum endowed with suo motu powers to take up environmental issues across the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the limitations of NGT in upholding its mandate and will the grant of Suo moto powers change that.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:


Begin by giving a brief introduction on context for introduction of NGT and its mandate


First, mention some of the landmark environmental reforms brought in through NGT.

Next, list out its shortcomings such as appeals against NGT rulings in High Court and Supreme Court leading to long delays through litigation, lack of overall environmental expertise of the members of tribunal. 

Next, bring out the positive aspects such as the power of NGT to suo-motu take up causes in order to protect the environmental sanctity in the country. Mention the drawbacks of the same.


Conclude with a way forward to leverage functional capacity of the NGT and do full justice in its environmental mandate.