compressed-natural-gas-cng-terminal-at-bhavnagar

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Terminal At Bhavnagar - Gujarat govt. grants approval for CNG port terminal at Bhavnagar

Background

  • Earlier this year, The Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) had signed a MoU with Foresight Group to set up this port terminal at Bhavnagar in the Vibrant Gujarat Summit held in January.
  • It will be developed jointly by U.K.-headquartered Foresight Group and Mumbai-based Padmanabh Mafatlal Group.

About the upcoming CNG port terminal at Bhavnagar

  • Apart from the CNG terminal, the investors would develop a Ro-Ro terminal, liquid cargo terminal, and container terminal at Bhavnagar port with a cumulative investment of ₹1,900 crore. 
  • The proposed CNG port terminal will have a capacity to handle 1.5 million metric tonne per annum
  • To develop CNG and other terminals on the north side of the existing port would require major modifications in the existing infrastructure, including dredging in water channel of port basin, construction of two lock gates, and off-shore infrastructure for CNG transportation

What is CNG?

  • CNG is an alternative to gasoline that’s made by compressing natural gas to less than 1% of its volume at standard atmospheric pressure. 
  • Compressed Natural Gas, or CNG, is quite simply gas that has been compressed such that it can be transported in pressure vessels rather than by pipeline as is the traditional method.
  • It's drawn from domestically drilled natural gas wells or in conjunction with crude oil production. 
  •  CNG is generally used to fuel transit and fleet vehicles in large cities, as well as in a limited number of personal Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs).
  • India CNG Scenario: In India CNG is primarily used as an alternative fuel for transportation.
  • Consisting mostly of methane, CNG is odorless, colorless and tasteless.
  • Can be used as a cheaper, greener, and more efficient alternative to the traditional petrol and diesel fuels for vehicles.

Advantages of CNG

Problems with Natural Gas

  • Not a renewable source of energy.
  • India has only limited reserves of natural gas, though further discoveries are being made from recent explorations
  • Owing to the high percentage of methane in natural gas, it is highly combustible
  • The process of extraction of natural gas involves making large cavities in the ground. Natural gas requires highly complex treatment plants and pipelines for its delivery.
  • Natural gas occupies four times the space of a gasoline-equivalent energy.