In news: Recently, the NITI Aayog released the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) 2.0 to assess and improve the performance in efficient management of water resources.
- The Composite Water Management Index report is a step in a direction that aims to create awareness among people and governments about the realities of the water crisis in the country.
- It would provide useful information for the states and concerned Central ministries and departments.
- It will help in enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
- NITI Aayog has ranked all states in the index on the composite water management, comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance.
- States and Union Territories (UTs) have been scored on the Index are divided into three categories: non-Himalayan states, North-Eastern and Himalayan states, and Union Territories (UTs).
Key highlights of the report:
- A majority of Indian states are demonstrating progress - 80% of the states (19 out of 24) have shown improvement in their water management scores over the last three years.
- High-performing states continue to lead on the Index- such as Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
- The low-performing states bear the largest burden of national population and economic production. The 16 low-performing states collectively account for 48% of the population, 40% of agricultural produce, and 35% of economic output for India.
- Restoration of water bodies: Overall performance on surface water restoration slipped during FY 17-18 compared to FY 16-17, due to the decline in the performance of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Nagaland.
- Sustainable on-farm water use practices: states have failed to show any significant improvement in on-farm water use efficiency.
- Urban water supply and sanitation: water access remains high on average; significant gaps exist in wastewater treatment.
- Participatory irrigation practices: Overall, performance declined marginally in the last three years. Actual implementation of WUA (Water User Association) responsibilities (such as involvement in O&M of irrigation assets) remains low.
- Improvement is piecemeal: Improvement demonstrated by states and UTs is not consistent across themes, and average state performance declined on four themes.
- low-performing states bear the largest burden of national population and economic production.
- Rural drinking water: Overall scores declined in FY 17-18 from a low base in FY 16-17 (less than 50% of the total achievable score), largely due to poor performance on the new service delivery indicators introduced under the theme this year.
- Source augmentation (Groundwater): Overall, states have displayed improvement in recharge of their groundwater resources between FY 15-16 and FY 17-18, but the median continues to remain below 50% of the total achievable score.
Mission Kakatiya,Telangana- It aims to restore over 46,000 tanks across the state and bring over 20 lakh acres of land under cultivation.