comparing-russian-and-indian-constitution

Vladmir Putin, the incumbent Russian President is making constitutional changes that would allow him to remain in power until 2036 else he is required to step down in 2024 when his second sequential and fourth presidential term ends.

Proposed Amendment:

  • The Amendment will delete ‘in a row clause’ and will allow any person to be re-elected as President even after two terms.
  • It will also strengthen the authority of Duma (The Lower House) and will enhance the power of the Prime Minister.   

Brief Comparison of Indian and Russian Systems:

  • Constitution: The Russian Constitution was framed in 1993 while the Indian one was made in November 1949 and adopted in January 1950.
  • Form of Government: Russia has a Semi Presidential system of Government while India has a Parliamentary form of Government.
  • Executive: In both countries PM is appointed by President but in Russia PM performs President’s Duty in case of his death or resignation while the same responsibility is given to V.P in case of India.
    • Authority of the President is Stronger in Russia while the PM enjoys more power in the case of India.
    • Term of the Russian President is 6 years while it is 5 years for the Indian President.
    • In Russia President can’t have more than two consecutive terms in a row but there is no such limitation in India. This is the reason Mr. Putin is required to step down in 2024.
  • Legislative: The lower house is called Duma and the upper house is called a Federation Council. 
    • Duma is more powerful just like Loksabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha.
    • Duma members are chosen by Proportional Representation System while Lok Sabha members are chosen by First Past the Post System.
    • Duma has the power to pass a No-Confidence vote but the same can be discarded by President however this can’t be done by Indian President in case of Lok Sabha.
  • Judiciary: There is not a Single Integrated Judiciary in Russia like in India. There is an independent Constitutional Court and Supreme Court at the apex.  
    • The Constitutional Court is authorized to adjudicate disputes between the executive and legislative branches and between Moscow and the regional and local governments.
    • The Supreme Court of Russia is the highest court and supervises inferior courts of general jurisdiction.

The Proposed amendment will be valid only when the constitutional court gives an official ruling that such an amendment would not contradict the principles and main provisions of the constitution. Further, the amendment should also be backed by masses in a National Vote which will be held in April 2020.

Also readValues And The Salient Features Of The Constitution

The 74th Constitutional Amendment 1992

Source

Image Source: The Hindu