After being hit by a mulberry disease, Cocoon production in Karnataka, appears to pick up just in time to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.
More about the news:
- A recent change in climate in the state coupled with the use of pesticides has brought the disease under control, and most cocoon markets across the State had reported an increase in arrivals.
- Growing demand for indigenous silk: In the wake of COVID-19 the demand for raw silk is expected to increase disrupting import of silk from China, the production of indigenous raw silk is likely to increase.
- Current scenario of Chinese imports of silk:
- Chinese silk has become scarce in the Indian market as the available stocks are fast exhausting.
- With no consignment of silk from China reaching the Indian shores for almost two months now, the indigenous silk is expected to bridge the gap.
- Sericulture is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.
- The major activities of sericulture comprise food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament for value-added benefits such as processing and weaving.
Sericulture in India
- India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five known commercial silks, these are
- Tropical Tasar,
- Oak Tasar,
- Out of the above muga silk with its golden yellow glitter is unique and prerogative of India.
- Regional distribution of silk production in India:
- Mulberry sericulture is mainly practiced in five states namely, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and Bodoland, West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Tamil Nadu are major silk-producing states in the country.
- North East has the unique distinction of being the only region producing four varieties of silk viz., Mulberry, Oak Tasar, Muga and Eri.
- Overall NE region contributes 18% of India's total milk production.
- Production of silk in India
- India is the second-largest producer of silk in the world. Among the four varieties of silk produced in 2015-16, Mulberry accounts for 71.8% (20,434 MT), Tasar 9.9% (2,818 MT), Eri 17.8% (5,054 MT) and Muga 0.6% (166 MT) of the total raw silk production of 28,472 MT.
- The demand for superior quality bivoltine silk is increasing in India for domestic consumption as well as value-added silk products for the export market.
Also read: India’s Response To COVID-19