Context: The fourth edition of the virtual Ministerial on Climate Action witnessed countries exchanging views on how countries are aligning economic recovery plans with the Paris Agreement.
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The meeting was co-chaired by European Union, China and Canada to
- Advance discussions on the full implementation of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- Demonstrate continued political commitment to global climate action.
- Assess critical enabling conditions to ensure continued climate action and to ensure that progress is made on climate action.
India at the meeting:
- India being represented by the Union Environment Minister, called upon developed country parties, to do their part as envisaged under UNFCCC and its Paris Agreement.
- The promise of USD 1 trillion by 2020 has not been fulfilled so far, and it is expected that the promised amount is mobilized and delivered, for further strengthening climate actions in developing countries.
India’s efforts to contribute its part towards Paris Agreement:
- India has achieved a reduction of 21% in emission intensity of its GDP between 2005 and 2014, thereby achieving its pre-2020 voluntary target.
- Further, India’s renewable energy installed capacity has increased by 226% in the last 5 years and stands more than 87 Gigawatt.
- Indian government has further announced the aspirational target of increasing renewable energy capacity to 450 GW.
- India has provided 80 million LPG connections in rural areas under the PAHAL scheme, ensuring clean cooking fuel and healthy environment.
- More than 360 million LED bulbs have been distributed under the UJALA scheme, which has led to energy saving of about 47 billion units of electricity per year and reduction of 38 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
- India’s total forest and tree cover is 24.56% of the total geographical area of the country.
- India has also leapfrogged from Bharat Stage-IV (BS-IV) to BS-VI emission norms by April 1, 2020 which was earlier to be adopted by 2024.
- India had levied a coal cess of INR 400/-per tonne as part of one of the most explicit green initiatives & this is now subsumed under Goods and Services Tax(GST).
- Under Smart Cities Mission, a first-of-its-kind initiative – Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework 2019 has been launched which intends to provide a clear roadmap for cities and urban India towards combating climate change through adoption of both mitigation and adaptation measures.
- The Paris Agreement is a historic international accord signed in 2015, that brings almost 200 countries together in setting a common target to reduce global greenhouse emissions in an effort to fight climate change.
- The Paris Agreement comes under the broad umbrella of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- UNFCCC is a convention held in 1992 to combat climate change.
- Kyoto Protocol (1997) was another major international commitment under UNFCCC.
- The pact seeks to keep global temperature rise to below 2 degrees celsius from pre-industrial levels, and to try and limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- For this, each country has pledged to implement targeted action plans that will limit their greenhouse gas emissions.
- Under the agreement, rich and developed countries will provide financial and technological support to the developing world in their quest to fight and adapt to climate change.
Image Source: ET