Context: China will join a global pact to regulate arms sales that has been rejected by the United States, saying it is committed to efforts to "enhance peace and stability" in the world.

More on news:

  • The Communist Party leadership's top legislative body voted to adopt a decision on joining the UN Arms Trade Treaty that is designed to control the flow of weapons into conflict zones.
  • It comes after US President Donald Trump announced plans last year to pull the United States out of the agreement -- which entered into force in 2014.
  • It also stated that China only exports such products to sovereign countries and not to non-state actors.
  • A study by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said China is now the second largest arms producer in the world, behind the US.

Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

  • The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is a multilateral treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional weapons.
  • The treaty requires member countries to keep records of international transfers of weapons and to prohibit cross-border shipments that could be used in human rights violations or attacks on civilians.
  • It entered into force on 4th December 2014.
  • The ATT is an attempt to regulate the international trade of conventional weapons for the purpose of contributing to international and regional peace; reducing human suffering; and promoting cooperation, transparency, and responsible action by and among states.
  • The treaty was negotiated in New York City at a global conference under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) in 2012.

Source: the hindu

Image Source: the economic times