Context: Chhattisgarh government announced that it will provide ₹13,000 an acre a year under a new income support programme.
More about the scheme:
- The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyaya Yojana would kick off on the 19th death anniversary of the former Prime Minister.
- The amount will be distributed in four installments.In the first instalment, ₹1,500 crore would be distributed among 18 lakh farmers, more than 80% of them small and marginal farmers.
- The scheme would cover rice, maize and sugarcane farmers to begin with, and would expand to other crops later.
- Rice and maize farmers would get ₹10,000 an acre while sugarcane farmers would get ₹13,000.
- It will help the farmers through the agricultural cycle and hopefully help with extension activities.
- Chhattisgarh gets more than 50 inches of rain annually, but irrigation facilities need improvement. Most farmers are able to cultivate only one season.
- The additional income to farmers would increase rural demand and also act as a stimulus for the State’s economy.
- Fair remuneration: This will reduce distress migration, and enhance food security for the State and the country.
- Lack of land records bank details and the absence of proper tenancy records will also benefit the absentee landlords.
- Cash transfer is not Panacea: The genesis of the current crisis lies in the faulty and ad hoc export-import policy, lack of infrastructure and cartelization and collusion in agricultural markets, which have prevented farmers from realizing the market prices for agricultural produce.
Other cash transfer schemes
Rythu Bandhu (Telangana)
- Rythu Bandhu of Telangana possesses no restrictions on the extent of land one should own.
- There is a restriction on the acreage to 50 acres in the Rabi season for Rythu Bandhu payouts.
- Rythu Bandhu incorporates even the tenant farmers under the scheme.
- farmers get ₹8,000 in two installments ahead of the Kharif and Rabi in Telangana.
Kalia (Odhisha)-Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation
- The KALIA scheme of Odisha offers annual assistance of Rs 12,500 each to farmers.
- it covers the landless agricultural labourers too and also seeks to provide help to vulnerable agricultural households, besides promising interest-free.
- Insurance for cultivators and landless agricultural households: The KALIA scheme also includes a life insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh and additional personal accident coverage of the same amount for 57 lakh households.
- For Elderly: The elderly, sick and differently-abled population who are unable to take up cultivation, will be provided Rs 10,000 per household per year.
- KALIA scheme supports farmers farming on a small scale, sharecropping, fishing, animal herding, which are not covered under bank loans, but are caught in debt traps set up by local moneylenders.
Krishak Bandhu scheme (West Bengal)
- Krishak Bandhu scheme of West Bengal offers an aid of Rs 5000 to farmers in two installments.
PM-KISAN(Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi)
- It seeks to provide an annual grant of ₹6,000 to farmers in three installments.
- It is a central sector scheme.
- Initially, farmers with less than two hectares of land were eligible; subsequently, the benefit was extended to all farmers (about 140 million farmers) from June 2019 onwards.
- Definition of family for the Scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
- The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiary farmer families rests with the State / UT Governments.
Mukhyamantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana (Jharkhand)
- It will give farmers financial assistance of Rs 5,000 per acre for kharif crops
- Focus on proper implementation: The cash transfer schemes are valuable in principle.However, without adequate focus on proper strategy and implementation, it is unlikely to make any meaningful impact.
- An alternative bottom-up strategy and well-planned implementation mechanism would allow weaknesses to be identified and rectified at the local level. The most effective modalities can then be scaled nationally and ensure success.
Image Source: hindustan times