Context: Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways inaugurated the breakthrough event of Chamba Tunnel under Chardham Pariyojana. 

More on the news: 

  • Border Roads Organisation (BRO) achieved this major milestone by digging up a 440 m long Tunnel below the busy Chamba town on Rishikesh-Dharasu road Highway (NH 94). 
  • The breakthrough was completed amidst the threat of COVID-19 and nationwide lockdown. 


  • The Rishikesh-Dharasu-Gangotri road in Uttarakhand has a very significant role from socio economic and religious point of view.
  • Opening of this tunnel will ease out congestion through the Chamba town and reduce the distance by one kilometer. 


About Chardham Project: (Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)

  1. The project involves developing and widening 900-km of national highways connecting the holy Hindu pilgrimage sites of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri at an estimated cost of Rs 12,000 crores.
  2. The highway will be called Chardham Mahamarg(Chardham Highway) and the highway construction project will be called as Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojana (Chardham Highway Development Project).
  3. The roads will be widened and the project will involve construction of tunnels, bypasses, bridges, subways and viaducts.
  • Under the Project, BRO as a key stakeholder is constructing 250 Km of National Highways leading to holy shrine Gangotri and Badrinath. 

Border Roads Organisation (BRO) 

  • BRO is engaged in road construction to provide connectivity to difficult and inaccessible regions in the border areas of the country.
  • It has been working under the control of the Ministry of Defence since 2015 (earlier Ministry of Road Transport and Highways). 
  • It is staffed by officers and troops drawn from the Indian Army’s Corps of Engineers, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Army Service Corps, Military Police and army personnel on extra regimental employment.
  • Engineering Service and personnel from the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) form the parent cadre of the Border Roads Organisation.
  • Currently, the organisation also maintains operations in neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.