Centre Set To Roll out ‘Jal Shakti’ scheme for water-starved areas

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By Moderator June 27, 2019 12:09

The Centre is set to initiate the Jal Shakti Abhiyan to ramp up rainwater harvesting and conservation efforts in 255 water-stressed districts from July 1, in line with the government’s promise to focus on water.

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  • Though water is a State issue, the campaign would be coordinated by 255 central IAS officers of Joint or Additional Secretary-rank, drawn from ministries as varied as Space, Petroleum, and Defence, according to a notification issued by the Department of Personnel and Training
    • The campaign seems to follow the model of last year’s Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, where central officials monitored the implementation of seven flagship development schemes in 117 aspirational districts across the country.
  • The campaign would run from July 1 to September 15 in States receiving rainfall during the south-west monsoon, while States receiving rainfall in the retreating or north-east monsoon would be covered from October 1 to November 30.
  • Block and district-level water conservation plans would be drafted, and Kisan Vigyan Kendras would hold melas to promote better crop choices and more efficient water use for irrigation.
    • Overall, 313 blocks with critical groundwater levels would be covered, along with 1,186 blocks with over-exploited groundwater and 94 blocks with low groundwater availability.
  • A major communications campaign on TV, radio, print, local and social media would be carried out, with celebrities mobilized to generate awareness for the campaign.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • The Jal Shakti Abhiyan would aim to
    • Accelerate water harvesting,
    • Conservation and borewell recharge activities already being carried out under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and
    • The Integrated Watershed Management Programme of the Rural Development Ministry,
    • Restoration and afforestation
  • Progress would be monitored in real time through mobile applications and an online dashboard at indiawater.gov.in.

Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

  • The campaign is undertaken under the name of “Sabka Sath, Sabka Gaon, Sabka Vikas”.
  • The objective of the campaign is to promote social harmony, spread awareness about pro-poor initiatives of the government, reach out to poor households to enroll them as also to obtain their feedback on various welfare programs.
  • The campaign is being held through a partnership of beneficiaries, 33 lakh elected PRIs members, 5 crore women SHG members, MLAs, and MPs to achieve goals. The Central/State and Local Governments are also partners in progress.
  • As a special endeavor during the Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, a saturation of eligible households/persons would be made under seven flagship pro-poor programs in 21,058 identified villages covering 530 districts (except Karnataka, West Bengal where Election Code of Conduct is in place). The identified schemes are as follows.
    • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
    • Saubhagya
    • Ujala scheme
    • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
    • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
    • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and
    • Mission Indradhanush.

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Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/govt-to-start-jal-shakti-abhiyan-for-255-water-stressed-districts-from-july-1/article28159138.ece

Moderator
By Moderator June 27, 2019 12:09