Context: The government organized a webinar to commemorate 46th Year of Establishment of Central Pollution Control Board.
About Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB)
- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
- Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
- It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
- It is a technical arm of Central Government for environmental research, monitoring, regulation and enforcement in the country.
- Principal Functions of the CPCB:
- To promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution
- To improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.
Functions of CPCB : Some of the functions of the Central Board include
- setting sector specific standards for pollution
- real time surveillance of more than 5,000 industries
- river basin studies, which led to genesis of Ganga Action Plan
- multi-city source apportionment studies
- establishing extensive monitoring network and data management for public dissemination
- setting national ambient air quality standards and
- fixing water quality criteria.
- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been collecting and collating the real time data related to pollution which is acting as a key policy input for the government and the concerned agencies to improve air quality.
- CPCB’s actions have been critical in obviating steep environmental degradation expected of rapid industrial, commercial and population growth.
With increasing environmental challenges and mounting public expectations, CPCB is working to re-define pollution control technologies and management strategies.
Image source: Wikipedia