Context: The government organized a webinar to commemorate 46th Year of Establishment of Central Pollution Control Board.

About Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB)

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. 
  • Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • It is a technical arm of Central Government for environmental research, monitoring, regulation and enforcement in the country. 
  • Principal Functions of the CPCB:
    • To promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution
    • To improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

Functions of CPCB : Some of the functions of the Central Board include 

  • setting sector specific standards for pollution
  • real time surveillance of more than 5,000 industries
  • river basin studies, which led to genesis of Ganga Action Plan
  • multi-city source apportionment studies
  • establishing extensive monitoring network and data management for public dissemination
  • setting national ambient air quality standards and 
  • fixing water quality criteria.


  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been collecting and collating the real time data related to pollution which is acting as a key policy input for the government and the concerned agencies to improve air quality. 
  • CPCB’s actions have been critical in obviating steep environmental degradation expected of rapid industrial, commercial and population growth. 

With increasing environmental challenges and mounting public expectations, CPCB is working to re-define pollution control technologies and management strategies.

Image source: Wikipedia