According to a recent report by the International Energy Agency (IEA), India’s Carbon dioxide emissions have increased by about 5%.

What does the report say about India’s emissions?

India emitted 2.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2018:

  • This was a 4.8% rise from last year
  • The per capita emissions in India were about 40% of the global average
  • It contributed about 7% of the global carbon dioxide burden

Although renewable energy installations in India increased by 10.6% compared to last year, its energy intensity improvement declined 3% in the same period.

How does this compare with other ‘big emitters’?

  • India’s emissions growth this year was higher than that of the two biggest emitters in the world (the United States and China)
  • China, the United States, and India together accounted for nearly 70% of the rise in energy demand

What was the primary reason cited for this rise?

The rise was primarily due to a rise in coal consumption

How does this look in the context of India’s targets at Paris Climate Summit?

  • India has promised to reduce the emissions intensity (emissions intensity: the ratio of GHG emissions produced to GDP) of its economy by 2030 to 2005 levels.
  • It has also committed to having 40% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030 and, as part of this, install 100 GW of solar power by 2022

What needs to be done to achieve these targets?

India says it will cost at least $2.5 trillion to implement its climate pledge, around 71% of the combined required spending for all developing country pledges.

About International Energy Agency (data imp. for PT)

  • IEA was founded in 1974 and was initially designed to help countries co-ordinate a collective response to major disruptions in the supply of oil.
  • However, as of now, the IEA examines the full spectrum of energy issues including oil, gas & coal supply and also demand, renewable energy technologies, electricity markets, energy efficiency, access to energy, demand-side management etc.
  • Its Flagship reports are :
  • World Energy Outlook
  • Key World Energy Statistic