Context: Defence Minister gave a statement on national security during the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the National Defence College (NDC).
Key takeaways from the Defence Minister’s statement:
- National security: He outlined four broad principles that are likely to guide India’s quest for national security in the future.
- The ability to secure India’s territorial integrity and sovereignty from external threats and internal challenges.
- The ability to create secure and stable conditions that can facilitate India’s economic growth, thereby, creating the resources for nation building and to meet individual aspirations.
- The desire to protect its interests beyond the borders in areas where our people reside and our security interests converge.
- In a globalised and interconnected world, a country’s security interests are interlinked by shared and secure commons.
- Terrorism: India has proved that countries that employ terrorism as an instrument of national policy can also be deterred through options that were considered un-implementable in the past.
- Bilateral relations with other countries:
- Neighbourhood First initiative: India has invested heavily to help and support our friends to forge a relationship of mutual-respect and mutual-interest.
- Strategic partnership with the U.S. is stronger than ever before.
- India’s friendship has also grown tremendously with Japan, Australia and Russia, France and Israel.
- Indian PM took special interest in reaching out to our partner countries in West Asia, South East and East Asia.
- Forging partnerships with major OEMs: Our vision for Make in India for defence manufacturing is being implemented with the long-term goal of making India more self-reliant.
- An Original Equipment Manufacturer or OEM is a company that manufactures and sells products or parts of a product that their buyer, another company, sells to its own customers while putting the products under its own branding.
- Structural reorganization of defence forces: At the structural level, India has made the appointment of Chief of Defence Staff, CDS, and established the Department of Military Affairs.
- It is also in the process of further integrating the armed forces through both theatre and functional commands.
- Tackling internal security challenges: A three-pronged approach has been undertaken. This includes:
- Development of areas affected by terrorism along with the provision of justice to the aggrieved.
- The ability to negotiate settlements with dissatisfied groups to enable a political settlement.
- To challenge the status quo, if the status quo becomes a tool for the exploitation of helpless citizens and the provisions of governance.
- Economic security: The Government has focused on all aspects of development in sectors of land, labour, capital and industry.
National Defence College (NDC)
- The National Defence College was sanctioned in 1959 to provide instructions for senior service and civil service officers in the “wider aspects of higher direction and strategy of warfare”.
- The New Delhi-based NDC primarily offers strategic courses for officers of the Indian Armed forces, the civil services and selected officers from friendly foreign countries.
- NDC functions directly under the Ministry of Defence.
- The Commandant of the College is a three star rank officer from the three Services in rotation for a term of two years.
Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)
- Bipin Rawat has been appointed the country’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).
- The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister had approved to create the post of Chief of Defence Staff in the rank of a four-star General with salary and benefits equivalent to a Service Chief.
- Functions: Fundamentally, the CDS will perform two roles, as the single point military advisor to the Defence Minister and as head of the Department of Military Affairs (DoMA).
- First role: The CDS will act as the principal military adviser to the defence minister on tri-Services issues.
- The three Chiefs will continue to render advice to the defence minister on matters pertaining exclusively to their service.
- The CDS is also vested with the authority to provide directives to the three chiefs.
- He has no military command over the other services and can only advise the government on matters that concern all three services.
- The second role: Additionally, the CDS will lead the Department of Military Affairs (DoMA) dealing with the three services
Department of military affairs (DMA)
- The DMA was created after the government’s announcement and the CDS as a Secretary in the MoD.
- The DMA which is the fifth department in the MoD has been mandated to promote jointness in procurement.
- The three services are now under the ambit of the DMA along with the Territorial Army.
- Also, all works relating to the three Services and except capital acquisitions all other procurement exclusive to the services will be made.
- It is also expected to take care of the training and staffing for the Services.
- It is also going to be involved in the restructure Military Commands. This will help in the optimal utilisation of resources as it will bring in jointness in operations.
Image source: Economic Times
Image source: The Print
After reading this article, answer the following question for Mains answer writing practice. Also you can get your answer checked free of cost by clicking on the following link.
Q) Discuss the broad principles that should guide India’s quest for national security in the future. (150 words