Context: BrahMos missile was successfully test-fired today from the Indian Navy’s indigenously-built stealth destroyer INS Chennai, hitting a target in the Arabian Sea.

More on the news:

  • While versions of the missile have been in India’s arsenal for a long, the weapon system is continuously upgraded and updated with new hardware and software systems. These upgrades necessitate periodic tests. 
  • Scientists have also said test results and observations were crucial inputs not just for calibrating the system but also for advancement and upgrade. 
  • The present supersonic version could reach a speed of 2.8 times that of sound (2.8 Mach) and hit a target at the range of around 450 km, and a hypersonic version of the missile, capable of reaching a speed of 5 Mach was being developed.

BrahMos missile:

  • It is a supersonic cruise missile.
  • BrahMos is a joint collaboration between India and Russia.
  • It  is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against surface and sea-based targets.
  • Its range was initially capped at 290 km as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
  • But since India’s entry into the club, the range has been extended to 450 km, and the plan is to increase it to 600km.
  • The Army and Navy have already inducted the missile.
  • Variants:
    • The air-launched version was test-fired for the first time last year from a modified Su-30MKI aircraft.
    • The submarine-launch variants are still in their testing phase.
  • BrahMos was flight tested with an Indian-made seeker for the first time, at Pokhran test range, Rajasthan.

Image Source: PIB