In News: Sri Ramakrishna Math president Swami Gautamananda launched a book, The Monk who took India to the World, on Swami Vivekanand.
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- It was reiterated that although it's been more than a century since the passing of Swami Vivekananda, yet his message of oneness of religions, tolerance and concern for the common people remains as relevant today as during his time.
- The book touches upon the life and travels of Swami Vivekananda, his erudition, his essential message of the universal acceptance of all religions, compassion, and call for service to the poor and the disadvantaged.
About Swami Vivekananda
- Swami Vivekananda was born Narendra Nath Datta, on 12th January 1863.
- He was a monk and chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
- He introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the world stage during the late 19th century.
Core Values Of Swami Vivekanand’s Philosophy
- Vivekananda gave a new theory of ethics and a new principle of morality based on the intrinsic purity and oneness of the Atman.
- Ethics according to Vivekananda was nothing but a code of conduct that helps a man to be a good citizen.
- We should be pure because purity is our real nature, our true divine Self or Atman.
- Similarly, we should love and serve our neighbors because we are all one in the Supreme Spirit known as Paramatma or Brahman.
- One of the most significant contributions of Swami Vivekananda to the modern world is his interpretation of religion as a universal experience of transcendent reality, common to all humanity.
- He believed that every religion offered a pathway to eternal supreme – supreme freedom, supreme knowledge, supreme happiness.
- This can be accomplished by realizing one’s ATMA as part of PARAMATMA.
- Swami Vivekananda laid the greatest emphasis on education for the regeneration of our motherland.
- He said that our process of education should be such that it helps the students to manifest their innate knowledge and power.
- He advocated a man-making character-building education.
- He said that education must make the students self-reliant and help them face the challenges of life.
- He was highly critical of the so-called educated who do not care for the poor and downtrodden.
- Though the growth of Nationalism is attributed to the Western influence; Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is deeply rooted in Indian spirituality and morality.
- Unlike western nationalism which is secular in nature, Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is based on religion which is the lifeblood of the Indian people.
- His nationalism is based on Humanism and Universalism, the two cardinal features of Indian spiritual culture.
- The basis of his nationalism is:
- Deep concern for masses, freedom, and equality through which one expresses self, spiritual integration of the world on the basis of universal brotherhood.
- “Karmyog” a system of ethics to attain freedom both politically and spiritually through selfless service.
- His writings and speeches established motherland as the only deity to be worshiped in the mind and heart of countrymen.
- Swamiji called upon the youth to not only build up their mental energies but their physical ones as well. He wanted ‘muscles of iron’ as well as ‘nerves of steel’.
- His birthday on January 12 is celebrated as National Youth Day and the week commencing from that day is known as the National Youth Week.
- As part of National Youth Week celebrations, the Government of India holds the National Youth Festival every year.
- The youth festival aims to propagate the concept of national integration, the spirit of communal harmony, brotherhood, courage, and adventure amongst the youth by exhibiting their cultural prowess in a common platform.
- It was based on Upanishads and their interpretation.
- Its aim was to enquire about ‘Brahman’ (ultimate reality) which was the central concept of Upanishads.
- It saw Veda as the ultimate source of information and whose authority could not be questioned.
- It emphasized on the path of knowledge (jnana) as opposed to that of sacrifice (karma).
- The ultimate aim of knowledge was 'Moksha' i.e. liberation from 'samsara'.
- Vivekananda established Ramakrishna Mission in 1987, named after his Guru Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa. The institution did extensive educational and philanthropic work in India.
- He also represented India in the first Parliament of Religion held in Chicago (U.S.) in 1893.