In News:  Bodo language is one of the key thrust areas in the Bodo Accord which was signed recently.

About Bodo Language:

  • It is estimated to have 1.5 million speakers (Census 2011) and is listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • In 2003, it became the 1st tribal language to be included in the 8th Schedule.
  • It is spoken in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
  • In the Pre 13th Century Era, it was called Deodhai.
  • While Bodo is officially written in the Devanagari script, the language has a history of having been written in at least three different scripts — until in 1974, the Government recognised Devanagari as its official script. 
  • In the first decade of the 20th century, Bodos started writing in the Assamese/Bangla script. Then they also used Roman Script.

Who are Bodos?

  • They are the earliest settlers of Assam, are an ethnic and and linguistic group which is a sub-group of the Bodo-Kachari family.
  • Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6% of the state’s population.
  • The Bodo people speak Bodo language, a Tibeto-Burman language recognized as one of the scheduled languages in the Indian Constitution.
  • The Bodo people are recognized as a plains tribe in the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • Traditionally, Bodos practiced Bathouism, which is the worshiping of forefathers.
  • In addition to Bathouism, Bodo people also follow Hinduism and Christianity.

The areas inhabited by Bodos

                                                              Source-The Hans India

Promises in the accord regarding BODO Language:

  • In Assam, it has enjoyed the status of official associate language in the undivided Goalpara district since 1986.
  • Now the 2020 Accord makes Bodo the associate official language throughout Assam.
  • The new Accord also promises to establish a separate directorate for Bodo medium schools, provincialise schools and colleges in the BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District).
  • It also calls for establishing a Cultural Complex-cum-Centre of Excellence in Kokrajhar for protection and promotion of the language.