Context: Government is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) from 2020-21.

About Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP):

  • It is for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices. 
  • The scheme mainly emphasizes on exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs and promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on: 
    • Biomass mulching; 
      • Mulching is a protective covering, as of bark chips, straw, or plastic sheeting, placed on the ground around plants to suppress weed growth, retain soil moisture, or prevent freezing of roots.
    • Use of cow dung-urine formulations; 
    • Plant-based preparations and time to time working of soil for aeration. 
  • Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous hand holding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.
  • As of now, an area of 4.9 lakh ha is covered in 8 states and Rs. 4980.99 lakh has been released. 
  • Telangana has not taken up natural farming so far under BPKP programme.
  • Andhra Pradesh is highest in terms of area under implementation.

Related Facts

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY):

  • It is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of the major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) launched in 2015. 
  • Under PKVY Organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic villages by cluster approach and PGS certification.
  • Expected outcomes:
    • The Scheme envisages:
      • Promotion of commercial organic production through certified organic farming.
      • The produce will be pesticide residue free and will contribute to improve the health of consumers.
      • It will raise farmer's income and create a potential market for traders.
      • It will motivate the farmers for natural resource mobilization for input production.
  • Programme implementation:
    • Groups of farmers would be motivated to take up organic farming under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).
    • Fifty or more farmers will form a cluster having 50 acre land to take up organic farming under the scheme. In this way during three years 10,000 clusters will be formed covering 5.0 lakh acre area under organic farming.
    • There will be no liability on the farmers for expenditure on certification.
    • Every farmer will be provided Rs. 20,000 per acre in three years for seed harvesting of crops and to transport produce to the market.
    • Organic farming will be promoted by using traditional resources and the organic products will be linked with the market.
    • It will increase domestic production and certification of organic produce by involving farmers.
  • Components and pattern of assistance:
  • Adoption of Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification through cluster approach:
    • Mobilization of farmers/local people to form clusters in 50 acre for PGS certification.
    • PGS Certification and Quality control.
  • Adoption of organic village for manure management and biological nitrogen harvesting through cluster approach:
    • Action plan for Organic Farming for one cluster:
      • Conversion of land to organic.
      • Introduction of cropping system; Organic seed procurement or raising organic nursery.
      • Traditional organic Input Production units like Panchagavya, Beejamruth and Jeevamrutha etc.
      • Biological Nitrogen Harvest planting (Gliricidia, Sesbania, etc). 
      • Botanical extracts production units (Neem cake, Neem oil). 
    • Integrated Manure Management.
      • Liquid Biofertilizer consortia (Nitrogen fixing / Phosphate Solubilizing/ potassium mobilizing biofertilizer). 
      • Liquid Biopesticides.
      • Neem Cake/Neem Oil.
      • Phosphate Rich Organic Manure/Zyme Granules.
      • Vermicompost. 
    • Custom Hiring Centre (CHC) charges.
      • Agricultural implements (As per SMAM guidelines) - Power tiller, Cono weeder, Paddy thresher, Furrow opener,Sprayer, Rose can, Top Pan balance.
      • Walk-in tunnels for horticulture (As per guidelines of MIDH).
      • Cattle shed / poultry / piggery for animal compost (As per Guidelines of Gokhul Scheme).
    • Packing, Labeling and Branding of organic products of cluster.
      • Packing material with PGS logo + Hologram printing. 
      • Transportation of organic produce (Four wheeler, 1.5 ton load capacity). 
      • Organic Fairs.