Context: A week long Bharat Padhe Online campaign has been launched by the Union Minister for Human Resource and Development(HRD) recently. 

More about the campaign

  • The campaign is launched for Crowdsourcing of Ideas for Improving Online Education ecosystem of India.
  • The Ideas can be shared on and on twitter by using 

#BharatPadheOnline up to 16th April 2020. 

Objective of the campaign

  • The campaign aims to invite all the best brains in India to share suggestions/solutions directly with the HRD Ministry.
  • This will help in overcoming constraints of online education while promoting the available digital education platforms
  • The students and teachers are the main target audience and will participate in this campaign wholeheartedly to improve the existing online education methods. 
  • The students who are currently studying in schools or higher educational institutions, can share what is lacking in the existing online platforms and how to make these platforms more engaging.

Several steps have been taken to promote e-Education in the country

The key e-Learning Projects being run by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) are as follows.

  •  ICT in Education Curricula for School system:
    • ICT in Education Curricula for students, teachers and teacher educators has been developed at the national level and being implemented across the country.
    • Guidelines for teacher, student and schools on cyber safety and security have been published.
  • e-pathshala:
    • E-pathshala is a portal and mobile app developed by NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) for showcasing and disseminating all educational e-resources including textbooks, audio, video, periodicals and a variety of other print and non-print materials.
  • Shagun portal:
    • A web portal called ShaGun (from the words Shaala and Gunvatta) which has two parts, one of which is a Repository of good practices, photographs, videos, studies, newspaper articles etc on school education, State /UT wise has been developed which is in public domain. 
    • Its purpose is to showcase success stories and also to provide a platform for all stakeholders to learn from each other.
    • This also instills a positive competitive spirit among all the States and UTs.
  • National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER):
    • The National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) is an initiative to bring together all digital and digitised resources across all stages of school education and teacher education.
    • State/ UTs are motivated to contribute resources on NROER and create OERs for their own State/ UT.
    • The ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds’ (SWAYAM) an integrated platform for online courses, using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and covering school (9th to 12th) to Postgraduate Level.  
    • It also offers online courses for students, teachers and teacher educators
    • It may be accessed on  
    • Besides, National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is promoting education through e-learning methods by providing courses on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on the portal. 
    • A programme for utilization of satellite communication technologies for transmission of educational e-contents through 32 National Channels i.e. SWAYAM  PRABHA DTH-TV has been launched. 
    • CIET-NCERT is the national coordinator for one DTH TV channel i.e., Kishore Manch (#31) and has started feeding a 24x7 educational TV channel.
    • Besides, NIOS is running 5 channels for teachers, for secondary and senior secondary levels and for sign language.
  • National Digital Library (NDL):
    • The National Digital Library of India (NDL) is a project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility.  
    • There are more than 153 Lakh digital books available through the NDL and may be accessed on
Image source: HRD Ministry