Bharat Net


To provide broadband connectivity to Gram Panchayats (GP) through optical fibre network



  • It aims to provide a minimum bandwidth of 100 Mbps to each of the 2.5 lakhs GPs. 
  • It will facilitate delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, public internet access, G2C, B2B, P2P, B2C etc., weather, agricultural and other services to rural India. 
  • It is the new brand name of NOFN (National Optic Fibre Network) which is being implemented in three phases. 
  • First phase – Envisaged to provide one lakh gram panchayats with broadband connectivity by laying underground optic fibre cable lines with a deadline of 31st December 2017, which was achieved. 
  • Second Phase – It will provide connectivity to all 2,50,000 Panchayats using an optimal miz of underground fibre, fibre over powerlines, radio and satellite media to be completed by March 2019. 
  • Third Phase – It will be implemented from 2019 to 2023 during which state-of-the-art, future-proof network, including fiber between districts and blocks, with ring topology would be created. 

Other details

  • It is being implemented by a special purpose vehicle named Bharat Broadband Network Ltd. set up under Companies Act. 
  • It is being funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)

About Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF)

  • The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to rural India.


  • Provide widespread and non-discriminatory access to quality ICT services at affordable prices to people in rural and remote areas.
  • Provide an effective and powerful linkage to the hinterland thereby mainstreaming the population of rural and remote parts of the country.
  • Ensure that universal services are provided in an economically efficient manner.
  • Ensure that by developing hitherto unconnected areas, the benefits of inclusive growth are reaped by our nation, bringing in its wake rapid socio-economic development and improved standards of living.