battle-of-panipat

In News: Recently a bollywood movie based on the 3rd Battle of Panipat was released.

About the Battles of Panipat:

  • Panipat, a historic city in Haryana, India has a great courageous past. 
  • The three crucial battles, namely the first, second and the third battle of Panipat fought near the city were said to be the major turning points in Indian history.

 

 

Ist 

2nd

3rd

Time 

1526

1556

1761

Between

Babur and Ibrahim Lodi

Akbar and Hemu

Afghani forces and Marathas 

Outcome

Babur won

Akbar won

Afghan Forces led by Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated Sadashivrao and Marathas. 

Significance

Marked the beginning of Mughal Empire.

 

It was one of earliest battles in which Gunpowder Firearms and Field Artillery was used.

Consolidated Mughal Rule in India.

 

After this Akbar managed to rule for 50 years.

It marked a loss of prestige for the Marathas, who lost their preeminent position in north India.

 

The battle paved the way for British colonial power to expand in India.