In News: 76th anniversary of the Azad Hind Government was witnessed in october 2019.
About Azad Hind Government:
- It was established by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1943 at Singapore with support from Axis Powers of Japan,Germany,Italy and allies.
- Also known as Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind.
- Bose was convinced that armed struggle was the only way to achieve independence for India. Under his provisional government, the Indians living abroad had been united.
- The Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) drew ex- prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma (now Myanmar).
- Under the provisional government:
- Bose was the head of the state, the prime minister and the minister for war and foreign affairs.
- Captain Lakshmi headed the women’s organisation.
- S A Ayer headed the publicity and propaganda wing.
- Rash Behari Bose was designated as the supreme advisor.
- A provisional government was also formed in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The islands were reoccupied by the British in 1945.
- Bose’s Death and defeat of Axis powers in world war 2 eventually ended the Azad Hind Government.
About Indian National Army/ Azad Hind Fauj:
- It was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II.
- Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule.
- It formed an alliance with Imperial Japan in the latter's campaign in the Southeast Asian theatre of WWII.
- This first INA collapsed and was disbanded in December that year after differences between the INA leadership and the Japanese military over its role in Japan's war in Asia.
- Rash Behari Bose handed over INA to Subhas Chandra Bose.
- It was revived under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose after his arrival in Southeast Asia in 1943.
- This second INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma: at Imphal and Kohima, and later against the Allied retaking of Burma.
- The end of the war saw many of the troops repatriated to India where some faced trials for treason which became a galvanising point in the Indian Independence movement.
- The Bombay mutiny in the Royal Indian Navy and other mutinies in 1946 are thought to have been caused by the nationalist feelings that were caused by the INA trials