In News:  76th anniversary of the Azad Hind Government was witnessed in october 2019.

About Azad Hind Government:

  • It was established by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1943 at Singapore with support from Axis Powers of Japan,Germany,Italy and allies. 
  • Also known as Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind.
  • Bose was convinced that armed struggle was the only way to achieve independence for India. Under his provisional government, the Indians living abroad had been united.
  • The Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) drew ex- prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma (now Myanmar).
  • Under the provisional government:
    • Bose was the head of the state, the prime minister and the minister for war and foreign affairs.
    • Captain Lakshmi headed the women’s organisation.
    • S A Ayer headed the publicity and propaganda wing.
    • Rash Behari Bose was designated as the supreme advisor.
  • A provisional government was also formed in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The islands were reoccupied by the British in 1945.
  • Bose’s Death and defeat of Axis powers in world war 2 eventually ended the Azad Hind Government. 


About Indian National Army/ Azad Hind Fauj:

  • It was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II. 
  • Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule. 
  • It formed an alliance with Imperial Japan in the latter's campaign in the Southeast Asian theatre of WWII.
  • This first INA collapsed and was disbanded in December that year after differences between the INA leadership and the Japanese military over its role in Japan's war in Asia.
  • Rash Behari Bose handed over INA to Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • It was revived under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose after his arrival in Southeast Asia in 1943. 
  • This second INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma: at Imphal and Kohima, and later against the Allied retaking of Burma.
  • The end of the war saw many of the troops repatriated to India where some faced trials for treason which became a galvanising point in the Indian Independence movement.
  • The Bombay mutiny in the Royal Indian Navy and other mutinies in 1946 are thought to have been caused by the nationalist feelings that were caused by the INA trials