Q.) AUKUS aims to ensure that there will be freedom and openness in the Indo-Pacific region, including the South China Sea. Discuss.
Why this Question:
Important topic of Current Affairs
Key Demand of the Question:
Bakdrop of AUKUS
Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.
Give an introduction about how Chinese domination in the Indo-Pacific led to formation of AUKUS.
In the first part, discuss the aims and objectives of AUKUS.
In the next part, highlight how India can play a crucial role in cooperation with AUKUS.
Conclude with a way forward.
It complements several pre-existing similar arrangements for the region like Five Eyes intelligence cooperation initiative, ASEAN and the QuadIt proposes to transfer technology to build a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines for Australia within 18 month.US has clarified that AUKUS was “not talking about nuclear-armed submarines. These are conventionally armed submarines that are powered by nuclear reactors.
Although no explicit mention was made of China in any of the AUKUS announcements, this group challenges the regional hegemonic ambitions of China.The operationalisation of this security partnership lead to closer coordination among the nations concerned in terms of joint military presence, war games and more in the region. As per Australia’s 1984 nuclear-free zone policy, nuclear-powered submarines would not be allowed into the former’s territorial waters. Hence, there is a political opposition to it.
Australia had struck a deal with France for $90 billion worth of conventional submarines, which stands cancelled now. This has upset political leadership in France. The Indo-Pacific region will emerge as the new geopolitical battle ground posing greater security risk to others.