Updated on 18 May, 2019
The Archaeological Survey of India’s (ASI) ongoing excavation of 4,000-year-old burial sites in Uttar Pradesh’s Sanauli has unearthed underground “sacred chambers”, decorated “legged coffins” as well as rice and dal in pots and animal bones buried with the bodies. Findings at the Burial Site
- It is contemporary to the last phase of the mature Harappan culture.
Sanauli is located on the left bank of the River Yamuna, 68 km north-east of Delhi which brought to light the largest necropolis of the late Harappan period datable to the around early part of second millennium BCE. Also read: Saudi Arabia Says 2 Oil Tankers Damaged By Sabotage Attacks Critical Analysis of Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ)
- Three chariots, some coffins, shields, copper swords and helmets had been unearthed, pointing towards the existence of a warrior class in the area around 2,000 BCE.
- The excavators have found rice and urad dal in pots, cattle bones, wild pig and mongoose buried along with bodies. These may have been offered to the departed souls.
- ASI has also found sacred chambers below the ground. After the procession, they put the body in the chamber for some treatment or rituals
- In one of the burial pits, the excavators found a wooden-legged coffin that was decorated with steatite inlays with a female skeleton.
- The pit also contained an armlet of semi-precious stones, pottery and an antenna sword placed near the head.
- Another area of the site included remains of four furnaces with three working levels and the overall ceramic assemblage has late Harappan characters.
- These findings are important to understand the culture pattern of the Upper Ganga-Yamuna Doab.