Army likely to induct 114 Dhanush guns by 2026, say officials
Context: The Army which has ordered 114 Dhanush artillery guns, and has one regiment operational already, is expecting to receive all the guns by 2026.
- One regiment that was equipped with Dhanush was operationalised only last year. There has been a slight delay due to some imported components, among others.
- By 2026, the Army should be getting remaining regiments.
- With focus on long-range and augmented firepower, the Army is also looking at vastly increasing the range of the Pinaka Multi-Rocket Launch Systems (MRLS) and the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) is working on it.
- The Pralay surface-to-surface quasi-ballistic missile too is in advanced stages of induction.
About Dhanush Guns
- It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre towed artillery gun with a range of 36 km, and it has demonstrated a range of 38 km with specialised ammunition.
- It is an upgrade of the existing 155-mm, 39-calibre Bofors FH 77 gun.
- The Advanced Weapons and Equipment India Ltd., carved after corporatisation of the Ordnance Factory Board, that is now manufacturing the Dhanush guns, has a team on site and is working with the Army.
About Pinaka Rocket System
- The Pinaka rocket system is a multi-barrel rocket system.
- It is developed by Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL).
- After successful tests of Pinaka Mark-1 in late 1990, it was first used in the battlefield during the Kargil war of 1999, quite successfully.
- Subsequently, multiple regiments of the system came up in the 2000s.
- The Army currently has four Pinaka regiments and six more on order.
- In addition to adding numbers, the Army is keen on extending its range as well the configurations available.
- The range of the original Pinaka rockets was 37 km which was enhanced to 45 km with the upgraded Mk-1, while the guided Pinaka has a range of 75 km which the Defence Acquisition Council has already cleared for procurement.
- A Pinaka Area Denial Munition rocket system has also been developed.
- The Pinaka with a range of 120 km is under development.
Imp for: UPSC Prelims, UPSC GS Mains Paper III
Topic: Security, Indian Armed Forces, Indigenization
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