In news: Anthrax has been confirmed as the cause of the death of buffaloes in central Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, which has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world.

Anthrax Disease

  • Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis.
  • Although it is rare, people can get sick with anthrax if they come in contact with infected animals or contaminated animal products.
  • Anthrax is spread by contact with the bacterium’s spores, which often appear in infectious animal products. Animals and humans are exposed to this disease by breathing, eating, or through an area of broken skin.
  • It does not typically spread directly between people.
  • Anthrax has been developed as a weapon by a number of countries.


Anthrax Disease Outbreak in India

  • In October 2014, an outbreak of anthrax in a village in the Simdega district of Jharkhand allegedly killed seven people.
  • Officials traced the anthrax spores to a cow and found that people who had touched the dead cow or eaten from it became infected.


Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra in Morigaon district in Assam, India

  • It is located about 30 km east of Guwahati.
  • It covers flat floodplains and a hillock (Raja Mayong).
  • The Sanctuary is mainly famous for its great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. 
  • Besides rhinoceros, the other animals are a leopard, wild boar, Barking deer, wild buffalo.

Source: Wikipedia