answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-9-march-2020

  1. Media can play a crucial role in checking the spread of communal violence. Comment.

Demand of the question:

The question aims to ask about the role of the media in controlling the spread of communal violence. Discuss how the media works now, and how should it be working?

Keywords to be included:

Media, communal, interference, live streaming, TRP, biased, propaganda, sectarian, ideology driven, neutral, honest, responsible reporting, awareness, assisting the government, etc.

Introduction Mention the role played by the media in increasing communal violence in recent years.

Body

  • Mention how the media works.
  • Give some examples of negative reporting.
  • Highlight how it can help in controlling these events.
  • Give some examples of the positive reporting.
  • Suggest a path forward

Conclusion Showcase the examples like factcheck initiative which has been taken to debunk fake news by the media houses. Conclude in a positive manner.

  1. Unprecedented weather aggravates farmers the most. Examine the strategy to reduce the impact of such events.

Demand of the question:

Climate change has been causing a lot of extreme weather events like floods, droughts, etc. This has been causing a lot of troubles for the monsoon dependent farms. In the answer you are required to focus on the strategies required to mitigate the risks caused by it.

Keywords to be included:

Weather, extremities, monsoon dependence, floods, droughts, cyclones, PMFBY, monitoring the soil quality after every event, Forecasting and warnings, creation of resilient infrastructure, modern cropping techniques, curbing climate change etc.

Introduction Recent years have seen a rise in the number of the extreme weather events due to climate change. Begin by citing some of the examples.

Body

  • Mention the recent rise in such events.
  • Explain how they most affect the agriculture in the country.
  • Mention steps taken to reduce the impact. 
  • Highlight the issues with the current control strategy.
  • Provide a way forward for the same.

Conclusion It is of concern that some of the pollutants prominently emerge out of agriculture, and then later hamper the same. It is, thus, important to curb climate change on one hand, and make agriculture disaster resilient on the other.

  1. What is Indian ocean commission, and why is it important for India?

Demand of the question:

India’s membership of the IOC as an observer has opened a new realm. It has become more important given the SAGAR approach of India.

Keywords to be included:

Regional player, Elder brother, IOR, SAGAR, Chinese assertiveness, Trade routes, strategic interests, NAVIC, CORPAT, etc.

Introduction India has recently become an observer state at the Indian ocean commission.

Body

  • Mention what is Indian ocean commission.
  • Examine its importance regarding:
    • Strategic advantage
    • Economy
    • Political coherence in the region.
    • India’s soft power rise.
  • Talk about the principles of Indian foreign policy like:
    • SAGAR,
    • IOR,
    • Elder brother,
    • Regional superpower, etc.
  • Provide a way forward by mentioning other similar organisations.

Conclusion India needs to ensure its participation in all the regional forums is in sync with the role that India aspires to achieve in the global community. Conclude the answer around this notion.

  1. Banking sector has been under consistent chaos since the last few years. Highlighting some of the reasons for this, examine the impact of such events on the economy, and suggest solutions for the same.

Demand of the question:

Yes, bank’s fall has furthered the shadow of doubt on the banking sector of the country. You need to mention some of the events from the recent past and highlight how have those impacted the economy.

Keywords to be included:

NPA, falling profits, fragile systems, corruption, evergreening of loans, lack of technology, low financial inclusion, Low CAR, recapitalisation, PCA, digitalisation, JAM trinity, BBB, BASEL-III, etc.

Introduction Mention some of the prominent banking cases, starting from the case of Vijay Mallya.

Body

  • Mention some of the cases related to banking sector.
  • Highlight the troubles of the banking sector.
  • Examine how it has been hampering the growth of the country.
  • Mention the changes that have come up in the last few years.
  • Suggest the solutions for these troubles.
  • Conclude with a way forward.

Conclusion Yes bank’s crisis can be used to conclude the answer, and try to give a positive conclusion to the answer.

  1. NGOs need to be better regulated but less controlled. Do you agree? Comment on the legislative changes required to achieve this goal.

Demand of the question:

CSO/NGO play a major role in making democracy inclusive. Excess controls over them will have negative impact on the level of democracy, and less controls will only mean misuse of these organisations.

Keywords to be included:

NGO, CSO, grassroot democracy, participation, awareness, social audit, FCRA, FATCA, registration, regulations, funding, lobbying, foreign influence, political factors, extremism, money laundering, ulterior motives, etc.

Introduction India has seen stern action against many NGOs in the last few years. Use it to introduce the answer.

Body

  • Mention what are the NGOs and why are they important.
  • Highlight the need for having a strong NGO network in the country.
  • Identify the challenges that come with less regulations on the NGOs.
  • Provide for the challenges that can rise if the NGOs are not regulated in a correct manner.
  • Conclude the answer with a way forward.

Conclusion Mention the need for a balance between freedom and regulations for the NGOs for democracy to prosper in the country.

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