Question 1. India’s presence and participation in IMO is not only important, but also essential. Comment.
Mention what is the IMO and what is the legal framework behind it.
- What is the current state of India and IMO
- Irregular attendance.
- No permanent representative.
- Less number of papers presented.
- Mention the recent issue of banning the sulphur containing fuel.
- Highlight the benefits that an active membership of the IMO will bring.
- Regional empowerment.
- Protection of India’s shipping sector.
- Promotion of trade, and
- Security in the region.
- Examine the challenges.
- Bringing the neighbours together.
- Creating a strategy on regular participation in the IMO.
- Adoption of a standard framework.
Suggest a way forward highlighting how India must play a proactive role in all the major global organisations in order to gain in soft power.
Question 2. What is vulnerability? How can urban planning reduce disaster risk?
Define vulnerability for the introduction part.
- Mention the concept of vulnerability.
- Draw some diagrams to indicate different types of vulnerability.
- Mention the role of planning.
- Reduced vulnerability.
- Strategic positioning of relief infrastructure.
- Identification of high risk areas and imposing restrictions there.
- Talk about the use of technology.
- Better forecasting.
- Geospatial analysis for better planning.
- MIS for integrated handling and response.
- Real Time feedback and support system.
- Mention the need for disaster resilient infrastructure.
- Reduces the impact of the calamity.
- Prevents the damages caused.
- Disasters may render technology unavailable.
Examine the role of planned development, and then suggest a greater role to be played by the CDRI recently inaugurated by the Indian PM .
Question 3. Lack of equipment and infrastructure threatens the armed forces in extreme locations. Mention the need for defence modernisation in the light of the statement.
Introduce the answer with the recent CAG report on the poor state of material in the Siachen glacier.
- Mention the issues related to equipment and infrastructure in remote locations.
- More deaths in Siachen due to temperature rather than cross firing.
- Complaints of poor safety gear.
- The CAG report.
- Extreme weather conditions and the poor quality of equipment break the morale of the forces.
- Highlight the need for defence modernisation.
- Better combat and non-combat gear.
- Promotion of high quality food and arms.
- Creation of infrastructure for lodging in the glacier.
- Adoption of the best practices for survival in sub-zero temperatures.
- Examine the role that technology can play.
- Heating and lodging technology.
- Availability and preservation of quality food items.
- Technical textiles can help in creating clothing apt for such temperatures.
Armed forces need to be provided with the required resources so that they do not face the same issue as in the 1962 war. Conclude your answer with a suggestive tone.
Question 4. Young kids raising arms shows the immense need for pluralism in society. Comment.
Recently there have been cases of young kids firing at the mob protesting for some reasons. Introduce your answer with the event.
- Mention the instances of such events.
- Examine the reasons for this.
- Feelings for mutual hatred.
- Apathy among communities.
- Rise of communalism.
- Identity politics.
- Social media and the internet.
- Hate speech
- Suggest solutions to change this,
- Reforming the education system.
- Bring the counter-propaganda content.
- Promotion of communal harmony by politicians.
- Complete prevention of hate speech.
- Highlight it in the light of the ideals of pluralism.
- Talk about pluralism.
- Mention the need for integrating the society.
- Bring in the ideas like Vasudaiva Kutumbakam.
The events highlight how radicalisation of entire Indian society is happening at high pace. Conclude your answer with the way forward through political will, and social reformation.
Question 5. Shortage of doctors is not the only crisis for the medical sector in the country. Comment.
Doctors in the country are scarce, but the same is the issue with allied healthcare workers and medicine infrastructure. Use any event regarding medical issues to introduce the answer.
- Mention the issues that plague the medical sector.
- Lack of doctors.
- Inadequate infrastructure.
- Lack of trained allied staff.
- Apathy among the staff for the patients.
- Poor rural penetration.
- Mention the challenges in filling these gaps.
- Lack of colleges.
- Poor standards followed in the curriculum.
- Inadequate remuneration for the doctors.
- Higher fees.
- Highly regulated sector with a lot of red tapism, but less control.
- Examine the role of the private sector.
- PPP can improve efficiency.
- PHCs can be managed in partnership with the private service providers.
- Providing VGF to hospitals that provide service in rural areas.
- Better utilisation of the CSR funding.
- Mention the role of technology.
- e-Medecine, telemedicine, e-consultation should be integrated.
- Creation of the infrastructure at local level.
- Management of health at local level.
Not only doctors, but a holistic capacity addition of the entire medical sector is required for improving the healthcare of the country. Use the SDGs in order to conclude the answer.
You can also download the (Answer Synopsis): Current Affairs Based Mains Drill - 6 February 2020 by clicking here.