- Why are wetlands important for India and the World?
Introduce with a definition of the wetlands, and mention the recent inclusion of 10 new indian sites to Ramsar convention.
- Mention the importance of wetlands in:
- Supporting biodiversity.
- Groundwater recharge.
- Filtration of the water.
- Disaster resilience.
- Highlight the threats to the wetlands.
- Development work.
- Recovery of land for diversion to other projects.
- Wastewater discharge.
- Road building, and
- Examine the efforts for protection of the wetlands.
- Ramsar convention
- Montreux register.
- Highlight the achievement of Chilika lake for its removal from the Montreux register.
While concluding the answer, you must suggest an optimistic way forward towards saving the wetlands.
- What is the SATHI scheme of the department of Science & Technology? Highlight its importance in the wake of industrial revolution 4.0.
Give an introduction to the Sophisticated Analytical &Technical Help Institute (SATHI) scheme.
- Examine the need for the scheme.
- Need for scientific infrastructure.
- Start-ups can not initially afford the costly infrastructure.
- Innovation in the country is among the lowest.
- Dearth of resources is a reason for the brain drain.
- Highlight the utility in the industrial revolution
- IR 4.0 can tremendously improve the export potential of the country.
- Special impact on the make in India.
- Absorb the extra workforce from agriculture to manufacturing.
- Suggest the benefits that are expected.
- Create facilities for fabrication work, rapid prototyping, material testing, characterisation, new device fabrication, smart manufacturing and characterisation facilities etc.
- train technicians for maintenance and operation of sophisticated scientific instruments
- To organise short term courses / workshops / seminars, hands-on training programme etc. on the use and application of various instruments and techniques
- Suggest the benefits that are expected.
- It will attract and help R&D labs, industrial R&D, MSME, Incubators and Start-ups, etc.
- enable them to carry out R&D activities on a round the clock basis with minimum downtime.
- It will ensure maximum and effective utilization and accessibility to all.
SATHI facilities will be used for 80% of their available time by External Users, which will not only provide better avenues for the private organisations, but also to individual researchers, increasing the innovation in the country.
- What are coastal regulation zones, and why is it important to protect them?
Give definition of the coastal regulation zones.
- Mention the threats to the coastal systems.
- Irresponsible tourism.
- Development of infrastructure.
- Irresponsible fishing industry.
- Collection of plastic wastes at coasts.
- Toxicity due to oil slippage.
- Examine the need to protect them.
- Critical for biodiversity.
- Disaster risk mitigation.
- Critical role in Food security.
- Boon for the fisheries and aquaculture.
- Briefly discuss the CRZ rule, 2018.
- Allowing Floor Space Index as per current norms in CRZ areas.
- Densely populated rural areas to be afforded greater opportunity for development.
- Tourism infrastructure for basic amenities to be promoted.
- No Development Zone (NDZ) of 20 meters for all Islands.
It is important to develop the nation, but the same must not be done at the cost of the environment. Conclude your answer by mentioning the need for sustainable development of the country.
- What is cooperative federalism? Examine the importance of decentralisation of power in effective democracy.
Cooperative federalism is an idea that has remained in light for a very long time now. You can introduce this answer around the ideas of cooperation between the center and the states.
- What is cooperative federalism?
- Mention the benefits of the federal system.
- Right of choice to the states.
- Development as per the regional needs.
- New models can be tried.
- Prevents abuse of power.
- Better administration.
- Mention the issues in achieving the same.
- Excess can lead to separatist tendencies.
- Transition of central policies becomes difficult.
- Give some examples for the cooperation among center and states.
- GST council.
- National Integration council.
- Zonal council.
- NITI Aayog’s team India.
Mention the need for decentralisation in strengthening the federal structure of the country.
- Reverse Osmosis systems present a dual challenge of health versus environment. Discuss the issues created and provide solutions for better water supply in all households.
Reverse Osmosis has been at the center of the fire in recent days for the wastage of water.
- Why are RO systems required?
- Poor availability of drinking water.
- Groundwater contamination.
- This leads to health concerns.
- What are the environmental concerns?
- creates a stream of wastewater that is very densely filled with salts
- It creates discharge that cannot be disposed off very safely
- This untreated stream further contaminates the regular water bodies.
- What are the health concerns?
- Reduced level of water availability
- Not having an RO can lead to increased intake of salts and nutrients.
- These can lead to a variety of diseases.
- Eventually, the health burden rises because of these.
- What are the solutions?
- Ensuring the delivery of piped water to all homes.
- Creation of alternate delivery models where piped supply is not present.
- Creation of a new infrastructure for central water remediation.
- National integrated watershed management program to be done on a high level.
Piped water supply to all the homes is the only solution to promotion of affordable health and environmental protection.
You can also download the (Answer Synopsis): Current Affairs Based Mains Drill - 4 February 2020 by clicking here.