answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-4-march-2020

  1. Energy requirements in India need to be a mix of renewables and conventional fuels.  Comment.

Demand of the question:

There is a strong need for India to create a mix of renewables and conventional fuels for a variety of reasons including sovereignty, deficit, and climate change. You should mention such needs and then suggest a path.

Keywords to be used:

Energy need, growing import, price sensitivity, import dependence, PL 480 vs fuels, Renewables, solar, hydro, wind, conventional fuels, sovereign challenge, climate change, etc.

Introduction India has been trying to diversify its energy basket, which will largely be dependent on traditional fossil fuels till 2050 at its current pace.

Body

  • Mention the current status of energy mix.
  • Provide for the need to make a shift.
  • Highlight the steps taken so far.
  • Suggest challenges that remain.
  • Provide a way forward.

Conclusion When the USA saw resistance from India during the NAM war, it cut short the supply of the essential PL-480 wheat, steaming the food deficiency in the country. Such can be an impact of import dependence.

  1. Examine the feasibility of state funding of elections in India.

Demand of the question:

State funding of elections is an important suggestion by various committees to eliminate various electoral issues in the country. You should mention the feasibility of state funding in India, the challenges associated and the solutions for the same in the country.

Keywords to be used:

State funding, indrajit gupta committee report, election commission of India, law commission, fiscal impact, black money, money and muscle, criminal politicians, etc. 

Introduction EC has recently conveyed that the time is not ripe yet for full fledged state funding of the elections in the country.

Body

  • Mention the need for state funding.
  • Highlight the opinion of various bodies.
  • Provide the challenges in implementation.
  • Suggest solutions to these challenges.

Conclusion State funding is not only going to help eliminate the electoral issues, but also help limit the expenditure incurred on the elections in the country.

  1. GDP shall not be a standalone statement of development. Elucidate.

Demand of the question:

While talking about the development of the country, we often quote GDP growth numbers. Discuss why GDP alone can not be a stable indicator of development of a country.

Keywords to be used:

GDP, happiness, MPI, inequality, wealth vs holistic development, HDI, gender gap, social development, growth vs development, inclusive development, etc.

Introduction Define GDP to introduce the answer.

Body

  • What is GDP?
  • Mention what gets measured by GDP and what gets left behind.
  • Mention the difference between growth and development.
  • Highlight the principle of inclusive development.
  • Suggest alternatives to GDP.
  • Conclude with a way forward.

Conclusion Growth is different from development, and that is what you can use to conclude the answer.

  1. Crisis is when a true leader emerges. Identify the qualities of an administrator in governance and suggest the reforms that are required in the civil services.

Demand of the question:

This is a question from the GS4 paper. Highlight the importance of leadership in the time of crisis, and thereafter discuss the lacuna and the suggestions to eliminate them in the current civil services.

Keywords to be used:

Leadership, crisis, management, administration, handling, Confidence, integrity, delegation of powers, empowering, decisive, etc.

Introduction Mention why it is important to have a leader in the time of crisis.

Body

  • Mention the need for leadership in the time of crisis.
  • Highlight the qualities of a leader.
  • Mention the issues with the civil services.
  • Provide solutions from some of the key reports.
  • Conclude the answer with a simple conclusion.

Conclusion Conclude by mentioning the reforms that can improve the quality of civil servants in the country.

  1. Highlight the key features of the National Population Policy and examine the need for a new national population policy in the contemporary sense.

Demand of the question:

Discuss some aspects of the NPP, 2000 and then mention why it has become important to think about a new NPP. Also suggest some key issues to be covered in the NPP.

Keywords to be used:

NPP, 2000; demographic dividend, population control, climate change, food security, poverty, social services expenditure, fragmented land holdings, etc.

Introduction India is moving to become the world’s most populous country soon, and that can be used as a key point in the answer.

Body

  • Mention some key aspects of NPP 2000.
  • Talk about the need for a new policy.
  • Mention the issues with the rising population.
  • Highlight what needs to be addressed in the new population policy.

Conclusion If we want to reap the benefits of the demographic dividend for long, we need to determine how the population is to be managed.

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