answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-3-march-2020

  1. Examine the demand to change India’s financial year to January-December rather than the current model.

Demand of the question:

 There has been an ongoing demand on changing the financial year of India to align it with the monsoon season, or to make it run along the calendar year. You need to discuss the implications of such a move.

Keywords to be included:

International standards, monsoon dependence, streamlining of the data, British system, eliminating the need for appropriation, etc.

Introduction Begin the answer by mentioning the demand for changing the financial year of the country.

Body

  • Mention the issues with the current system.
  • Provide for the benefits to be ushered by the change.
  • Explain the challenges associated with bringing the change.
  • What are the suggested sessions for the financial year?

Conclusion It must be done only after due planning, otherwise the effects will be detrimental similar to the GST and the demonetisation exercise.

  1. Critically examine the PM-AASHA scheme.

Demand of the question:

Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan has been launched to provide remunerative rates for the farm produce in order to double the farmers’ income. You need to discuss the provisions and components of the scheme, and thereby criticise them on various grounds.

Keywords to be included:

AASHA, PDPS, PSS, PPSS, NAFED, FCI, Procurement, PDS, doubling farmers income in india, food security in country, NFS, etc.

Introduction India has been on the mission mode trying to double the farmers’ income. This has now involved the AASHA scheme which is to have three components.

Body

  • Mention the constituent schemes for the PM-AASHA program.
  • Highlight the need for the program.
  • Issues with implementation of the same.
  • Mention what else is needed apart from the income doubling program.

Conclusion Along with AASHA, it is important that we focus on other aspects like skill development, scientific farming, etc.

  1. Tribunals must not be allowed to become a parallel judiciary. Comment.

Demand of the question:

Tribunals like the CAT are often alleged to have become parallel to the regular judiciary. In the answer you must address this issue and provide for the making of the Indian constitution.

Keywords to be included:

CAT, SAT, NGT, pendency, speedy justice, parallel judiciary, tribunalisation, appeals to the regular courts, reforming the routine judiciary, etc.

Introduction The tribunals were formed after the 42nd amendment of the constitution in order to eliminate the reeling troubles of regular judiciary.

Body

  • Need for the tribunals in the country.
  • Issues associated with these.
  • How are the tribunals changing the modern judicial landscape?
  • Should we abolish them or simply reform them?
  • What else needs to be done.

Conclusion There have been significant concerns with these tribunals, but the main solutions shall lie in improving the condition of the regular judiciary.

  1. Discuss the ramifications of NPR on the foreign policy of India.

Demand of the question:

Due to the myths associated with NPR, it has the potential of tormenting relations with India’s neighbours, the arab world, and the liberal world. In order to reduce the negative impact of it

Keywords to be included:

NPR, CAA, foreign policy, vasudhaiva kutumbakam, background, refugees, persecution, confidence building measures, diplomacy, soft power, show of strength, immigration policies, ahmadiyah, rohingya, etc.

Introduction NPR has been one of the main buzzwords in the nation since the CAA was brought. Some states have pulled back from the NPR exercise during the census.

Body

  • What is NPR?
  • Legislations and the history behind it.
  • Need for the NPR.
  • Reasons for the reaction from the world.
  • Why does India need to streamline its foreign policy?
  • Steps already taken for the same.

Conclusion NPR is authorised by the citizenship act itself, and the states must not turn back from it. However, the center must ensure that the states are discussed with, prior to creation of such policies.

  1. Will the recent truce between Afghanistan and Taliban bring peace to the region? Elucidate.

Demand of the question:

The deal between the Taliban and USA may have taken the USA out of war, but it has left Afghanistan in shackles. Examine how all of it will have a lot of change on the changing scenario of India’s position in Afghanistan.

Keywords to be included:

Security, Infrastructure, capacity building, partnerships, multilateral, delaram-zaranj, chabahar port, regional cooperation, militancy, terror, golden crescent, etc.

Introduction The recent truce has brought many cheers in the USA, since it can effectively mean US withdrawal from Afghanistan.

Body

  • Mention some key provisions of the Afghan deal.
  • Discuss the negative impacts of the deal.
  • Provide for the implications of the deal on India in various aspects.
  • Highlight the problems that can lead to regional issues.
  • Conclude with a way forward for all the stakeholders.

Conclusion There is a lot of subjectivity in the agreement, and it actually means peace from America, rather than peace for the world. Conclude by mentioning the need for speeding up, and ensuring that the Afghan forces remain strong, and doing so before china replaces the US in the region.

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