1. Critically analyse Donald Trump’s visit to India.

Demand of the question:

Critically highlight the recent Trump visit to India, focusing on the outcomes that did not meet the expectations.

Keywords to be included:

Kem chho Trump, state visit, strategic ties, defence deal, trade agreement, counter-terrorism, Pakistan, H1B visa, GSP, developing status of India, promotion of multilateral cooperation.


Introduction: President of the USA, Donald Trump’s visit to India has remained in the limelight recently. Use any of the key meetings for introducing the answer.


  • Mention major events of the visit.
  • Briefly mention the key achievements of the deal.
  • Highlight the aspects that were not discussed, but could have been achieved.
  • Lay down a path for better synergy between the two nations.

Conclusion: While it is arguable that the meet did achieve a lot of goals, there are many more that could have been achieved. Conclude by mentioning the need to expedite the cooperation among the two nations for the same.

  1. India needs to have empowered neighbourhoods for boosting our economy. Comment.

The demand of the question:

The question aims to ask the need for having empowered neighbours and the steps taken by India for the same. Also, it expects a way forward for Indian actions.

Keywords to be included:

Regional cooperation, multilateral forums, SAARC, BIMSTEC, integrated economy, BBIN, capacity building, zaranj-delaram, Kaladan Multimodal project, housing, etc. Export potential, tourist foot-fall, internal security, line of credit.

Introduction: India’s neighbourhood, except for China, has not been performing well in any aspect. This has hampered the growth of India to some extent.


  • Mention the current status of India’s neighbourhood.
  • Examine the impact it has had on the various sections of the country.
  • Provide for the initiatives that India has been taking for the growth of the region.
  • Mention the various areas of opportunities for India.

Conclusion: Mention the need for India to become the real elder brother in the neighbourhood and the policy direction henceforth.

  1. Is there a need for a separate body to look into the administrative affairs of the courts? Give reasons.

Demand of the question:

Judiciary has pendency, and yet the judges are involved in administrative functions like procurements, clearances, recruitment, allocation of cases, management of daily affairs, maintenance of the infrastructure etc. This further adds to the problem since the judges are not experts in management. Thus court managers are required, and that is the central demand of the question.

Keywords to be included:

Judicial reforms, court managers, expertise, administrative affairs, case allocation, technological integration, etc.


Introduction: Mention the growing pendency in the courts of the country.


  • Mention the issues with judges managing administrative affairs.
  • Examine the possibility and benefits of having a separate body for these.
  • What are the opportunities and challenges in introducing the court managers?
  • Give examples from the decisions of the courts.

Conclusion: Conclude by mentioning the importance of freeing up judges, as well as including the expertise in the administrative affairs of the judiciary.

  1. The criminal justice system needs overhauling, but judicial reforms are the key aspects. Comment.

Demand of the question:

The question wants you to highlight the reforms in the criminal justice system, with a special focus on the judicial reforms in the country.

Keywords to be included:

Pendency, slow judicial process, lacuna in appeal mechanism, too many loopholes, high costs of justice, lower judiciary reforms, corruption, AIJS, NJAC, judge-population ratio etc.


Introduction: Indian criminal justice system has been long awaiting complete overhauling, but the judiciary in the country has been the first contestant for the same.


  • Mention the need for such overhauling
  • Suggest the solutions for the problems indicated.
  • Examine the issues with the changes.
  • Provide for a way forward.

Conclusion: Justice is the key fundamental of democracy, and it is important that we

  1. India and Pakistan need to re-initiate efforts for better relations. Examine the steps to be taken by both countries for this.

Demand of the question:

Identify the current status, key issues, main opportunity areas, etc in the India Pakistan relations, and suggest solutions.

Keywords to be included:

Terrorism, wars, separation of East Pakistan, promotion of infiltration in J&K, distrust, proxy wars, nuclear threat, radicalisation, Sir Creek, J&K, Punjab, Kartarpur corridor, cultural mingling, promotion of trade, entry to Europe for India, an economic advantage for Pakistani exports, reduced defence expenditure, etc.


Introduction: India and Pakistan have been longtime rivals and a major threat to regional stability of south Asia.


  • Mention the critical issues between India and Pakistan.
  • Examine the possible benefits of having good ties with each other.
  • Mention the challenges that thwart the efforts.
  • Examine the positive steps taken so far.
  • Suggest a path forward for the two countries.

Conclusion: Conclude with the suggestion that Sir Creek is the lowest hanging fruit in India Pakistan relations, and it must be resolved ASAP for a better future of the two nations.

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