answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-25-march-2020

  1. Civil services need structural reforms. Critically comment.

Demand of the question

Examine the current importance and the challenges related to the civil services in the country. Highlight the issues that circle around them and use suggestions from various committees for the reforms. 

Keywords to be included

Corruption, ethics, generalists, inefficiency, time-bound promotions, lack of innovation, against the federal spirit, ARC, NITI Aayog, lateral entry, etc. 

Body 

  • Highlight why is it important to have civil services in the country. 
  • Examine the role played by them. 
  • Identify the challenges that are rusting civil services. 
  • Suggest challenges to these problems. 
  • Conclude with a positive way forward. 

Conclusion Civil services are the steel framework of the country, however, this framework is getting rusted. Highlight the importance of civil services to conclude the answer. 

  1. Suggest a path for improving the rural health of India. 

Demand of the question

The question aims to discuss the dismal state of health of rural India. The answer must also discuss the reasons behind such a condition, and provide for solutions for the same. 

Keywords to be included

Rural infrastructure, funding, the liveability of the villages, poor penetration of health systems in rural India, availability of staff, low remuneration, remote location, poor availablity of resources, etc.

Body 

  • Mention the issues around the rural health of the country. 
  • Provide for the solutions that have been implemented for improving the situation. 
  • Mention the solutions that are envisaged for these. 
  • What are the benefits expected? 
  • Conclude with a way forward. 

Conclusion Rural India can be integrated with the health ecosystem of the rest of the country by greater use of technologies like video conferencing, e-medicine, telemedicine, etc. 

  1. People’s participation is important for Good Governance. Comment. 

Demand of the question

The question aims to discuss the importance of people’s participation in the governance and the benefits that are reaped from it. Also discuss challenges in achieving the same. 

Keywords to be included

Decentralisation, devolution of powers, grassroots democracy, empowerment of local units, increased participation, social audits, accountability, transparency, good governance, etc. 

Body 

  • Mention the benefits expected from local governance. 
  • Highlight how people’s participation is of utmost importance in a democracy. 
  • Examine the issues around the current model of local governance in the country. 
  • Give examples of best practices from around the world. 
  • Conclusion must be optimistic. 

Conclusion “When panchayat raj is established, public opinion will do what violence can never do.” The trust of Gandhi Ji in Panchayati raj was immense, and so it must be followed. He aimed to have highly decentralised governance in the country, which has not been achieved yet. Conclude on that note. 

  1. Education has the potential to solve every major issue facing India. Comment. 

Demand of the question

Education levels of the country have been rising, but not fast enough. Mention the need to establish a good education system, the benefits it shall usher, and the future path for the education sector. 

Keywords to be included

Education, foundation, personal, social, professional, human right, free education, costs, infrastructure, quality,  access, challenges, scholarships, research, growth, etc. 

Body 

  • Discuss the benefits of education in society. 
  • Examine the current status of education. 
  • Highlight the lacuna with the current model.
  • Mention the idea of universal free education.
  • Discuss a path forward  

Conclusion Education leads the foundation of a human being. It is what separates us from animals. Thus, it is required that the education framework of the entire nation must be strengthened. 

  1. Examine the importance of the death penalty. Suggest way forward. 

Demand of the question

Recent death penalty to the four convicts of the Nirbhaya rape case has brought to fore the debate around the utility of capital punishment. Discuss the repercussions of such a move and highlight any alternates. 

Keywords to be included

Death penalty, Deterrent, Solutions, retributive justice, reformation, revenge, the root is unaddressed, Justice Verma committee, no credible data, second chance, human rights, etc. 

Body 

  • Mention the current situation of the death penalty. 
  • Present arguments for and against the death penalty. 
  • Examine the rarest of the rare doctrine. 
  • Discuss the need for revenge vs reformative justice. 
  • Suggest a path forward. 

Conclusion Mention the path forward, and tey advocating for reformative justice.