1. Languages of India have cohesive as well as divisive. Critically comment.

Introduction Languages often connect people, but India has seen the divisive role of the languages since its independence. Use any of the incidents to introduce our answer.


  • Coherence brought by languages
    • Connects people together
    • Regional integration
    • Better trade and ties
  • Division brought by languages
    • Problems regarding Hindi as an official language
    • Gandhian dream of one language nation
    • Issues with preferred dialects.
  • Some of the recent Issues
    • Issues related to the inclusion of Sanskrit
    • Issues related to the inclusion of Hindi
    • The new educational policy related debate on 3 languages
  • Way forward

Conclusion India’s huge diversity leaves no room for one language policy. It is time that we seriously look either upon the two languages formula or two languages formula (with English as the second language.)

  1. What are the challenges and opportunities for India in framing the data protection law?

Introduction Use the background of the PRISM program, or any case of the data breaches that have remained in the news lately.


  • Why data protection?
    • Cases of a data breach
    • Technology in all aspect of life
    • High chances of misuse of data
  • Current Legal provisions.
    • Constitutional aspects (right to privacy)
    • Legal provisions (IT Act, etc.)
  • Draft privacy bill, 2019
    • Application of the law
    • Obligations of the fiduciaries
    • Rights of the individual
    • Data protection authority
    • Exemptions to government agencies
  • Best practices globally
    • GDPR
    • Empowering individuals.
    • Promotion of fiduciary responsibility.
  • Way forward

Conclusion: The BN Srikrishna committee has made a lot of recommendations that provide a way forward for the data protection regime in the country. Conclude on that note.

  1. Examine the challenges faced by the diverse gender communities of India. Recommend a path forward for them.

Introduction The question wishes to know about the difficulties faced by the LGBTQ communities in India. You can thus use an introduction on the same line.


  • What are gender diverse communities
    • Lesbian
    • Gay
    • Bisexual
    • Transgender
    • Queer
  • Challenges faced by them
    • No self-determination of gender
    • Discrimination in all walks of life
    • Inadequate opportunities.
    • No civil rights.
    • Prone to exploitation and harassment
  • Transgender persons’ rights bill
    • Prohibits discrimination
    • Declaration of gender by a medical committee
    • National Council for Transgender persons
    • Declaration of offenses in case of the transgender persons.
  • Issues that remain
    • Against the right to privacy
    • No civil rights to the community
    • Same-sex marriage is not yet legal.
  • Way forward

Conclusion De-criminalising homosexuality is only one step, which must be accompanied by providing civil rights to gender-diverse communities.

  1.  ‘Fit India Movement’ should become a national goal and its aspiration. Comment.

Introduction India has been seeing a rise in inactivity and obesity. Mention how almost everyone is being roped into the fit India movement.


  • Why is fit India required
    • Health levels
    • Improvement in the activity levels.
    • Skills in games.
  • How it aims to change the fitness level
    • Involvement at various levels
    • Motivation by example
    • Behavioral changes in the population.
    • Reinforcement by engagement.
  • What are the challenges?
    • Infrastructure constraints.
    • Negative mindset for sports.
    • Lack of opportunities.
    • High pollution levels are a disincentive.
  • Possible outcomes are:
    • Better productivity
    • Reduced health burden
    • Better demographic dividend
    • Prevention of lifestyle diseases.
  • Way forward for the scheme

Conclusion Connect it with the demographic dividend to conclude the answer.

  1. India needs a balance between soft power and hard power for the success of its foreign policy. Comment.

Introduction India has been seeing a rise in its role in the global platform. Introduce your answer with that.


  • What is the difference between the two
    • Soft power
    • Hard power
  • Need for soft power
    • Economic goals.
    • Strategic importance.
    • International cooperation.
    • Cultural integration
  • Need for hard power
    • Security boon
    • Pushing other countries for national goals.
    • Complement the soft power
  • One without the other
    • Hard power: Soft power alone itself will never be sufficient enough to achieve foreign policy objectives.
    • Soft power: without hard power, is simply brutal.
  • How to balance
    • Good quality diplomats.
    • Strong military.
    • Regional security groupings.
  • Way forward

Conclusion Conclude the answer by mentioning the need for not leaning towards either of the two and to maintain a balance between them.

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