answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-23-march-2020

  1. Janta curfew is difficult but necessary. Comment.

Demand of the question

Janta curfew is the unique approach to social distancing introduced by the government. Conducted on a Sunday, it was speculated to prepare people for the upcoming lockdown. Mention why is it required, why is the lockdown needed, the challenges that prevail around these, and the solutions. 

Keywords to be included

Social distancing, curfew, confusions, rumours, hoax, Janta curfew, prevention, community spread, section 144, celebrating the essential services providers, etc. 

Body

  • Define Janta curfew. 
  • Examine the need for it. 
  • Discuss the important aspects of preventing community spread of the virus. 
  • Mention the issues around it. 

Conclusion Janta curfew is to be converted into a complete lockdown. Active cooperation between the people and government is required to handle such a situation. 

  1. Discuss the solutions to woes of power distribution companies.

Demand of the question

Power distribution companies were under extremely poor health due to a variety of reasons. Discuss the challenges facing them, the solutions envisaged, the limitations of government support, and a future path for the same. 

Keywords to be included

Discoms, UDAY, poor health, populist reasons, low tariffs, high AT&C losses, support schemes, lack of digitalisation, proposed changes, de-regulation, market decided tariffs, etc. 

Body

  • Highlight the poor state of Discoms 
  • Discuss the reasons behind such poor state of Discoms
  • Reforms suggested to the current distribution system.
  • Path forward

Conclusion The next major step can be using prepaid meters for electricity and subsidising electricity only for the poor. Frame a conclusion around these ideas.

  1. Declining labour force participation rate of women is worrying. Comment.

Demand of the question

LFPR for women has been declining for a long time now. Discuss the challenges that have been pulling the women under. Prescribe the solutions to improving their purpose and write as many dimensions as possible. 

Keywords to be included

Labour force participation rate, loss of jobs, lack of formal jobs, glass ceiling, orthodox society, bias against women, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the current drop in the LFPR
  • Examine the issues that put women on a loss position
  • Highlight the solutions for the same. 
  • Conclude with a way forward.

Conclusion Women in the country have been treated like a second class citizen. They need to be empowered, and we must ensure support to them in order to eliminate any possibility of a negative bias. 

  1. Consumer bias in preparation of national food policy has been hampering the farmers’ welfare. Examine the need for creating a balanced policy in the light of the statement.

Demand of the question

Consumer bias in the national food policy has ensured cheap prices for the consumers, but this has killed the profit margins of the farmers and put them on the brink. Determine the factors, challenges, and solutions for the poor condition of the farmers in the country. 

Keywords to be included

Consumer bias, equal access, inflation targeting, low farm income, farm diversification, the balance between farm and consumers, rural infrastructure, additional support, market-driven pricing, etc 

Body

  • Examine the poor state of farms. 
  • Discuss factors like consumer bias. 
  • Highlight the need for a balanced policy
  • Propose modern solutions to it. 
  • Need for deregulation etc. 

Conclusion Farm economics in India can not change until we keep looking at it from one end. We need to look from both sides in order to double the farmers’ income. 

  1. Politically designed riots have left the world shaken. Suggest the political reforms that are required to change this situation.

Demand of the question

Politically designed riots have been hampering the country’s social fabric. Examine the reasons for such riots, what makes them so rampant, ways to control them, and how to make society more harmonious. 

Keywords to be included

Riots, political reform, the education sector, identity politics, pluralism, acceptance, harmony, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the menace of these riots in the country. 
  • Highlight the reasons behind such riots. 
  • Examine the factors that are politically motivated. 
  • Examine the solutions to eliminating it. 

Conclusion Mention the issues that have risen and highlight the need for harmony and pluralism to end the challenges associated.