answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-21-march-2020

  1. What is the rationale behind nominating members to Rajya Sabha?

Demand of the question:

With Rajya Sabha elections around the corner, there are many questions that surge. One among them is the rationale behind nominating people to become members. Examine the reasons behind this, and then discuss the pros and cons of it. Further, give some examples on each side. 

Keywords to be included:

Nominations, special talent, representation to various sections,  parking for unelected ones, no real action, appointments like Vijay Mallya, etc. 

Body:

  • Mention the logic behind nominating people to RS. 
  • Examine the pros with it. 
  • Examine the cons with it. 
  • Suggest a path forward along with some examples. 

Conclusion: Rajya sabha has acted as a seat for influential people who would not have been elected due to populist democracy. They have been able to present the issues related to their field only due to this. Thus there is a need for the nominations to continue. 

  1. Reforms to anti-defection are drastic but necessary. Comment. 

Demand of the question: Anti defection in India began with the issue of “Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram”. It has brought forward many challenges, and the 10th schedule aims to nullify them. Yet defections are not a thing of the past and continue to happen. Discuss this in the light of the recent crisis in MP and suggest a path for curtailing future instances of defection. 

Keywords to be included:

Reforms, defection, horse-trading, vote for money, scams, scandals, manipulative, role of speaker, doctrine of neutrality, governor, etc. 

Body:

  • Mention the causes of defection. 
  • Highlight the impact of events like defection in the country. 
  • Examine the issues with curbing defection. 
  • Provide a path for the future. 

Conclusion: While anti-defection laws are important, they must not be used for curbing dissent within the political parties.  

  1. What is the impact of inflation on the economy? Comment. 

Demand of the question: Inflation is a two-edged sword since a mild level of inflation will always have a positive impact on the economy. But when the level of inflation remains too high for a very long time, it goes south and begins hampering the economy. The current situation of the economy is not good, and you should indicate in your answer to how the trust in the economy becomes an important player in controlling inflation. 

Keywords to be included:

Inflation, types of it, unemployment, growth, mild inflation, stagflation, hyperinflation, etc. 

Body:

  • Define inflation and highlight some of its main types. 
  • Mention the role it can play as a stimulus to the economy. 
  • Highlight its role in hampering economic growth. 
  • Mention the issues with inflation targeting. 

Conclusion: Indian economy has already been on the verge for a long time. We need to maintain a mild level of inflation to ensure that the economy grows well. 

  1. National Human Rights Commission is a toothless tiger. Comment. 

Demand of the question: NHRC is often called a toothless tiger. Try to explain the reasons behind so. Then mention some arguments that are against the argument. Finally, conclude with a way forward. 

Keywords to be included:

Toothless tiger, no real powers, recommendations not binding, lacks staff, no powers beyond one year, limited authority, can be put under check by the government, reform, autonomy, constitutional status, etc. 

Body:

  • Explain some of the powers enjoyed by the NHRC 
  • Mention the reasons for calling the NHRC a toothless tiger 
  • Give examples related to the same. 
  • Suggest the reforms envisaged in it. 

Conclusion: Take global examples and highlight the need to seriously deal with human rights violations for the benefit of mankind. 

  1. What is Junta curfew? What are other effective strategies of virus control and challenges around them?

Demand of the question:PM Modi had called for the Janta curfew, which was observed. Examine the importance of such events for social distancing, and propose a path for the virus control. 

Keywords to be included:

Junta curfew, roadshows in the evening, promotion of social distancing, awareness and education, security, lockdown, essential services, protection, community transmission, etc. 

Body: 

  • Highlight the Junta curfew, and evaluate it. 
  • Mention the need for social distancing. 
  • Examine the issues with these events. 
  • Suggest the challenges around these 
  • Give a way forward.

Conclusion: Since India’s medical sector is not fully prepared, it would be better to completely shut down the country, and control the disease.