1. What is the Law commission? Examine its needs, formation, and functioning.

Introduction It is a very static question, thus it can be completed in crisp points. Government has decided to re-create a law panel. You can begin the answer by this.


  • What is law commission
  • A brief history of the commission.
  • Composition of the commission.
    • Chairman
    • Full-time members.
    • Part-time members.
  • Why is it required?
    • Review pre-constitutional laws.
    • Undertake legal research
    • Help the government in the lawmaking process.

Conclusion There is a need for reviewing many laws in the country, and the law commission shall be an apt organisation for the same.

  1. Data collection in the field of medicine is essential but lacking in India. Comment.

Introduction Medical sector suffers from many disabilities, and availability of data is one of the many.


  • Mention the dearth of data in the field.
  • What are the benefits:
    • Gain valuable insights and trends
    • Build patient profiles
    • Organize effective medical campaigns
    • Save money by better targeting.
  • Why is it lacking in the country:
    • Lack of infrastructure.
    • No central registry for the same.
    • Lack of proactive action from the medical fraternity.
    • Privacy issues.
  • It can help in creation of a better preventive strategy at:
    • Municipal level
    • Pharmaceutical industry
    • National level
  • It can have potential of:
    • Predictive capabilities of the system
    • Telemedicine, e-medicine, etc.

Conclusion Data collection will pave way for future policy of the health sector in India.

  1. Examine the impact of direct appointments in the higher judiciary.

Introduction Introduce with the static concept of appointments to the higher judiciary (HC & SC).


  • Mention the methods for appointment of judges to higher judiciary
    • From lower courts.
    • Direct appointment of the practising advocates.
  • Impact of the direct appointments to the court.
    • Advocates have more experience of handling people.
    • Brings fresh pool of ideas.
    • Allows for the entry of experienced personnel.
    • Reduces favoritism, and nepotism.
  • Issues with direct appointments.
    • Nepotism prevails.
    • Highly subjective appointments procedure.
    • Long procedure of appointments.
    • Disincentivizes young lawyers to become judges in lower courts.

Conclusion Mention the need for making internal promotions to the higher judiciary in the country.

  1. Swaccha Bharat has brought a major behavioural change in India. Examine the challenges and opportunities for the phase 2 of the same.

Introduction Swaccha Bharat phase 2 is to be launched with a focus remaining on ending open defecation and solid waste management. Begin on that.


  • Examine the achievements of the SBM-1
    • ODF India
    • Behavioural change in the country
    • Reduced health burden of sanitation.
  • Mention the issues that the SBM-2 needs to deal with.
    • Reinforcing the SBM-1 outcomes.
    • Promotion of the solid waste management systems
    • Rural waste management.
    • Cleanliness as a habit.
  • Mention the challenges that SBM-2 shall face:
    • Poor funding mechanisms.
    • Behavioural change can not happen overnight.
    • Poverty remains a major challenge to sanitation.
    • Urban slums, and rural poor are the most prone.

Conclusion Swaccha bharat can not only do away the issues of the health sector but also some of the social evils. Conclude with that argument.

  1. What are the challenges that Farmers Producer Organisations face? Suggest solutions for the same.

Introduction FPOs in India have failed to give the desired outcome owing to a variety of reasons. Introduce the answer on that note.


  • What are FPOs?
    • Formation
    • Structure
    • Beneficiary group
  • What is their current status?
  • What is their importance?
    • Assistance to farmers.
    • Increased availability of standard goods.
    • Promotion of agro-exports.
    • Lowers cost of agricultural inputs.
  • What are the issues with them?
    • Mostly manned by untrained professionals.
    • Lack of resources.
    • Agriculture related laws are often too stringent for FPOs to function.
    • Formal recognition is very difficult.
    • Limited market choice.
    • Lack of transparency in functioning.
  • Solutions are:
    • Policy overhauling
    • Imparting the training.
    • Integration of the ICT
    • E-retailing and e-marketing of produce.
    • Promoting the grassroot leadership in the FPOs.

Conclusion Connect this with the aim of doubling the farmer’s income and improving the condition of the country’s rural areas.

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