1. Minority educational institutions need autonomy as well as regulation. Comment. 

Demand of the question: Madarsa and similar institutions are put under regulations, but they are also guaranteed autonomy under article 30 of the constitution. Mention the issues with the quality of the education, vis a vis, freedom under article 30. Suggest a path forward. 

Keywords to be included: 

Article 30, Educational quality, autonomy, religious freedom, minority rights, propaganda vs science, teacher quality, infrastructure, state aid, etc. 


  • Mention key issues with such institutions. 
  • What are the reforms suggested?
  • Highlight the importance of these reforms. 
  • Examine the challenges facing the implementation of reforms. 

Conclusion: While it is important for the minority institutions to enjoy their freedom and autonomy, it is even more important that the quality of education doesn’t fall in the country. 

  1. Rajya Sabha has to be reformed to become truly representative of states. Comment.

Demand of the question: Rajya sabha elections have brought back to life the debate around reforming the upper house. Examine the issues with the current form, provide for the solutions, and examine the challenges in the implementation of the same. You can also mention the example of the USA vs India for highlighting the equal representation. 

Keywords to be included:

Unequal representation, parking lot for those who could not get elected, no say in money bills, the nomination of favourites, no direct representation of states, federal spirit, reforms, etc. 


  • Mention the issues with the current form
  • Compare it with examples from across the world. 
  • Mention the reforms suggested.
  • Examine the challenges with these reforms 
  • Conclude with a way forward

Conclusion: It is important that the house of the elders be reformed because it has to give equal representation to the states. It is also equally important since it can become an effective curb against the central government’s agenda. 

  1. Examine the social impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Demand of the question: Mention the issues around the recent coronavirus, and then discuss how it has social impacts. You can discuss around prisons, education, migrants, daily labourers, food security, etc. Take as many dimensions as you can. 

Keywords to be included:

COVID-19, issues, social, economic, hunger, jobs, daily labour, economic stalling, health burden, unemployment, crimes, government support, mental trauma, counselling, etc.


  • Mention how the disease has grown to become a pandemic now. 
  • Examine the challenges posed by it:
    • Economic, 
    • Social, 
    • Political
  • Focus on the social challenges
  • Suggest solutions to tackle these. 
  • Conclude with a way forward. 

Conclusion: Mention how it is important to bring in people’s participation to eliminate such a threat. 

  1. Examine the challenges that loom around the RTI Act. Suggest solutions to make it more effective.

Demand of the question: Recent amendments to the RTI act have been widely criticized. It is argued that these amendments make the authority look like a spineless act. While some fears are true, you need to examine the facts behind such arguments. In conclusion, mention how can the act be made more powerful. 

Keywords to be included:

Agenda, opacity, 2nd ARC, transparency, people’s rights, CIC, freedom of office, tenure,  freedom of speech, life with dignity, provisions regarding proving the need for the information, RTI Activism, harassment of the officers, Suo moto disclosure of information, promotion of open days, etc. 


  • Mention the issues around the New RTI Act. 
  • Examine the challenges that have remained even after the amendments, 
  • Suggest how the amendment is a step backwards. 
  • Highlight a path for making the RTI act more effective. 
  • Suggest a path forward 

Conclusion: Give a strategy, or use ethics, or quote someone in order to conclude the answer effectively. 

  1. India’s defence exports sector has seen a lot of development in the recent past. Critically comment.

Demand of the question: India has majorly remained an arm importing nation for too long. However, since the last few years, there have been instances of exporting our arms to the other nations. Examine how such exports are important and what could be done to help the industry grow. Conclude by mentioning the need for a cautious approach. 

Keywords to be included:

Brahmos, tejas, exports, imports, economic impact, costs, promotion of the exports, world power, technological advancement, poor investment in R&D, etc. 


  • Mention the issues around the defence sector in the country. 
  • Examine the challenges around defence manufacturing. 
  • Examine the challenges around defence exports. 
  • Highlight how to reduce these challenges. 
  • Suggest a future strategy. 

Conclusion: Defence exports might be positive for the economy, but they are negative towards our goal of making a peaceful world. Thus, India needs a balanced and cautious approach while dealing with the sector.