- Lost idols are lost history. Comment.
Introduction India’s ancient artifacts are often found lodged in global museums, and we often fail to retrieve them.
- Mention the challenges in recovering the lost artifacts.
- Lack of data
- Lack of cooperation
- Implementation lacunae
- Lack of awareness
- Examine the current framework
- Constitutional provisions
- Article 49
- Article 51A (f)
- Legal provisions
- Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.
- Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972.
- Indian Treasure Trove Act (1949)
- International conventions
- Hague Convention (1954)
- UNESCO Convention (1970)
- What are the solutions
- India specific
- India pride project
- Global best practices
- USA’s Operation Hidden Idol
- Legal provisions
- Better legislation
- International tie-ups
- Better implementation
Conclusion Ancient relics are often an important link to understand the past of the country. This makes it important for us to learn more about these.
- Examine the outcomes expected from the visit of the president of the US to India.
Introduction Begin the answer with the current status of relations between India and the USA.
- Importance of India US relations
- Major outcomes expected
- Defense relationship
- Counter-terrorism and internal security
- Support on J&K issue
- Energy support
- Indian diaspora
- Regional and international cooperation.
- Major challenges with the visit.
- The trade deal may be a distant dream.
- Chabahar port may not be raised.
- Any unprecedented decision of FATF on Pak will leave the two countries red-faced.
- Claims have been made on slum evacuations ahead of the visit.
Conclusion Sketch a way forward for the two countries including a trade deal.
- Cutting the funding of terror outfits is a big step in curbing terrorism. Comment.
Introduction FATF meet is ongoing in Paris, and it is to decide if Pakistan is to be blacklisted or not.
- Why disrupt financing?
- How to achieve it?
- Targeted financial sanctions
- Criminal sanctions and alternative charges
- Cross border cash disruption
- Sanctions for legal entities
- Alternative methods (Advisories, and alerts)
- What is the impact?
- Prevent the use of the financial system
- Hampers the ability to procure arms, or recruit people.
- Makes long term survival of terrorism difficult.
- What are the lacunae?
- No definition of terrorism.
- State-sponsored terrorism is rampant.
- Ideology driven sanctions.
Conclusion Cutting the funding of these organizations would likely deprive them of the key resources required, and possibly bring the number of incidents down.
- It is time to empower mayors in India. Elucidate upon the statement.
Introduction Mayors are often said to be the weakest links in the municipal government in the country.
- What are the challenges with the position of mayors in India?
- Elections on the party lines.
- Indirect elections.
- Limited functioning.
- Position elsewhere
- The chiefs of rural local bodies are already directly elected.
- Uttarakhand and Jharkhand have a system of direct elections.
- Globally strongest municipalities have powerful mayors.
- What changes are envisaged
- Direct elections of mayors.
- The election on non-party lines.
- More autonomy and powers to mayors.
- Higher responsibility and accountability
Conclusion Provide a way forward using the best examples from the other countries.
- What is delimitation? Examine the flaws associated with it and the solutions for the same.
Introduction Give an introduction to the process of delimitation.
- Why is delimitation conducted?
- Equal representation to equal segments of a population.
- A fair division of geographical areas so that one political party doesn’t have an advantage over others in an election.
- Follow the principle of “One Vote One Value”.
- History of delimitation in India:
- The first delimitation exercise carried out in 1950-51 by the Delimitation Commission Act enacted in 1952.
- So far, Delimitation Commissions have been set up four times — 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002 under the Acts of 1952, 1962, 1972 and 2002.
- There was no delimitation after the 1981 and 1991 Censuses since the process has been frozen.
- Issues with delimitation:
- States that have actively taken population control measures could end up with a fewer number of seats in Parliament. The southern states that promoted family planning faced the possibility of having their seats reduced.
- In 2008, Delimitation was done based on the 2001 census, but the total number of seats in the Assemblies and Parliament decided as per the 1971 Census was not changed.
- The maximum number of seats in both the houses of the parliament needs to be revised.
- Way forward:
- A central forum bringing center and state on one platform to discuss all the issues must be created.
- There must be reduced weightage to the population.
- There must not be further postponing of delimitation.
Conclusion Provide a way forward for making the process of delimitation more inclusive.
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