answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-2-march-2020

  1. What is red snow and how does it impact climate change?

The Demand of the question:

What is red snow, the impact it has on the climate, and the need for mitigating the risks presented by it?

Keywords to be included:

Red snow, albedo, heating, melting of snow, a further rise of albedo, trapping of heat, release of trapped gases, etc.

Introduction Mention the impact of the red snow in the arctic and the antarctic region.

Body

  • What red snow is?
  • Impact of the red snow on the climate.
  • Concerns associated with it.
  • Way forward to it.

Conclusion Since it is more of natural phenomena, we should not be intimidated by it, but rather focus on the industrial processes that are causing the warming.

  1. Hate speech is a growing concern in India. Comment.

The Demand of the question:

The question seeks to raise the debate of free speech vs hate speech in the country amid the recent instances of violence.

Keywords to be included:

Hate speech, identity politics, communalism, populism, pluralism, harmony.

Introduction Mention the role of hate speech in the recent Delhi violence.

Body

  • Examine the spread of hate speech
  • Mention the causes.
  • Give the impact on the society as well as polity
  • Provide solutions to it.

Conclusion Examine the possibility of reforming RPA, 1951 for making it an electoral offense and putting a bar on the candidates. It is also important to remove any grey areas that remain.

  1. Political donations need to be put under the scanner for a variety of reasons. Elucidate.

Demand of the question:

The question wants to argue about the involvement of shady money in politics, as well as lobbying by the business houses.

Keywords to be included:

Shady money, black money, hawala, money laundering, voter rights, political funding, ECI, Article 324, RPA 1951, Electoral bonds, court judgments, Indrajit Gupta committee, lobbying, transparency, RTI, etc.

Introduction Political donations have come under spectrum after the recent case of the electoral bonds. Use it to give a brief introduction to the answer.

Body

  • Discuss the opacity of political funding.
  • Mention the issues caused by it.
  • Examine the challenges to bringing transparency.
  • Suggest some solutions to the issue.

Conclusion Mention the need for transparency in political funding for a vibrant democracy to conclude your answer.

  1. Examine the mid-day meal scheme, and suggest reforms envisaged in it.

Demand of the question:

Mid-day meal scheme’s features, issues, and solutions to these issues are to be discussed in the answer.

Keywords to be included:

ICDS, Mid-day meal scheme, Stunting and Wasting, Undernutrition, dual burden, corruption, poor quality, one size fits all approach, pre-cooked meals, social audit, integrated management, role of Civil Society Organisations, CSR, etc.

Introduction Mid day meal scheme has been red-flagged on the account of corruption, but that is not the only issue it faces.

Body

  • Mention the need for the Mid day meal scheme.
  • Highlight the challenges that prevail with it.
  • Mention the solutions to these problems.
  • Provide a way forward to it.

Conclusion Conclude with the need to raise the household income so that there must not be any need to provide for mid day meal.

  1. Examine the procedure for amending the Constitution of India. Mention the issues associated and suggest a way forward.

Demand of the question:

Explain the amendment procedures in the constitution, possibly through a diagram, and then talk about the issues and reforms with the process.

Keywords to be included:

Article 4, Article 368, basic structure doctrine, states can not initiate, differential process often leads to bypassing, deadlocks, only half the states need to ratify, doubts about the basic structure, role of judiciary, no special legislative authority for such special legislations etc.

Introduction Give a short introduction by mentioning the rigid as well as flexible nature of the amendment process. 

Body

  • Highlight the current amendment process.
  • Examine the challenges with it.
  • Suggest solutions for the same.
  • Mention the need for making the process more inclusive.

Conclusion You can conclude by mentioning the need for making the amendment process more inclusive.

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