1. Public Safety Act and similar legislation need to be reviewed. Comment.

Introduction Public safety act has been used on many occasions in the last few months for a variety of reasons. On the pretext of that, you can introduce the answer.


  • Mention some of these laws:
    • PSA
    • Section 124A IPC
    • Section 436A CrPC
    • Section 66A IPC
  • Why are they required
    • Law and order
    • Against secessionist tendencies
    • Maintaining harmony
  • What are the issues involved
    • Against Freedom of speech, Art 19
    • Against the idea of liberty
    • Against the dignity of life, article 21
  • What can be a way forward
    • Re-designing the laws.
    • Mandatory review of every case by government and civil society participants.

Conclusion Contrast between the national security and freedom of speech to conclude your answer.

  1. Witness protection in India is weak due to lack of framework. Comment.

Introduction Witness protection in India suffers from many ailments. Begin the answer by mentioning some instances related to the same.


  • Mention the issues with witness protection in India
  • Who has recommended a witness protection scheme
    • Malimath report
    • 14th Law commission report
    • State of Gujarat vs Anirudh singh case.
  • What is witness protection scheme 2018
    • Three categories of witnesses
    • Avoids face-off between the witness and accused.
    • Special protection for children
  • What are the challenges in the witness protection schemes?
    • Logistical and financial challenges.
    • State participation is required.
    • Changing the identity of the witness will have several functional issues.

Conclusion Create a way forward mentioning the need for judicial as well as legislative reforms required in that direction.

  1. Examine the issues that make the parliament less productive and suggest methods to change this.

Introduction Rajya sabha has recently recorded highest productivity, which is less than 100% yet highest in years. Introduce your answer on that note.


  • What are the reasons for low productivity
    • Complexity of legislative work.
    • legislation is often criticised for being hastily drafted and being rushed through
    • Legislation in an ad hoc and haphazard manner.
    • Private member bills are not getting due attention and debate.
    • Most of the MPs have limited or no research support.
    • Parliament’s staff is understaffed
  • What are the issues caused by it:
    • Parliamentary debates are now reduced significantly.
    • In cases wherever these debates happen, they are of substandard quality.
    • Irresponsible statements are now becoming very common.
    • There is a lack of trust between the government and the opposition.
    • Constructive opposition is missing in the country.
  • What are the solutions:
    • Parliament has to meet for a minimum mandated number of days.
    • The National Commission to review the working of the Constitution (NCRWC) recommended that it shall be 120 and 100 days respectively for Lok sabha and rajya Sabha.
    • Parliament without meeting often cannot hold the executive accountable.
    • India needs a systemic approach for legislative engineering and prioritization.
    • A constitution committee can be appointed to look into the matters related to constitutional amendments proposed.
    • Best international practices must be adopted in the country.
    • Constructive opposition must be emphasized upon.

Conclusion Provide for the need for defining strict rules for the conduct of business of the house in order to conclude the answer.

  1. Credit penetration in rural India has remained too low despite many attempts. Examine the issues and suggest solutions for better penetration of institutional credit.

Introduction India has been seeing a very low institutional credit in rural areas. Mention the data regarding this to introduce the answer.


  • Mention the issues with the rural credit in India
    • Reluctance on the part of the banks.
    • Insufficient amounts dedicated by the banks
    • Low sanctioned amount.
    • Less attention to poor farmers.
    • Zero loans to the landless farmers.
    • Inadequate institutional penetration in rural India.
  • Some of the attempts made so far are:
    • Kisan credit card.
    • Investment loans.
    • Interest subvention schemes.
    • Priority sector lending
    • RRBs
  • Suggest a way forward.
    • Monitoring the disbursements.
    • Ensuring that landless and tenant farmers too are covered.
    • Promotion of banking correspondents.
    • Promotion of the India Post Payments bank.

Conclusion Mention the role of private players and innovative solutions for a way forward.

  1. What are the key roles played by RBI in India. How is its role widened amid the economic slowdown?

Introduction This is a very static question and can thus begin by a very brief history of the RBI.


  • Highlight the roles of the RBI
    • Monetary policy
    • Supervising the financial systems.
    • Issuing currency
    • Banker to the government
    • Banker to the banks
    • Lender of the last resort
    • Manager of the foreign exchange
    • Payments systems regulation
    • Regulating the banks
    • Developmental role.
    • Market research and analysis.
  • What has changed amid the economic slowdown.
    • Adapting the monetary policy
    • Regulating the banks
    • Ensuring compliance.
    • Managing the liquidity position.
    • Analyse the issues and problems affecting the Indian economy
    • Render advice for policy formulation and shaping monetary, banking and financial policies
    • Warehouse data to enable decision-making.

Conclusion The RBI has to come out of the traditional role of the central bank and march along the government’s efforts to raise consumption and thereby improve the economic growth.

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