answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-17-march-2020

  1. The return of statehood to J&K is bound with several challenges. Comment. 

Demand of the question:

When the J&K was reorganised, it was promised that it will soon be returned the statehood. This is subject to the return of normalcy in the region. Mention this and explain why is it important to grant statehood to the UT. Examine the challenges that linger around it. 

Keywords to be included:

J&K, reorganisation, article 370, militancy, separatism, AFSPA, UT to state, people’s participation, federalism, democratic decentralisation, political autonomy, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the circumstances behind making J&K a UT. 
  • Examine how a Union territory is different from a state. 
  • Suggest the changes envisaged in the structure of the J&K to bring it back to normalcy. 
  • Mention the issues that prevail around the grant of statehood. 
  • Suggest the path forward. 

Conclusion J&K should become a state, but only when the situation gets normal in the region. 

  1. Examine the recent video conference of SAARC members. Highlight the opportunities and challenges associated with it. 

Demand of the question:

Recent video conference of the SAARC members to curb the menace of the coronavirus has hinted towards the revival of SAARC. That being said, mention what is SAARC and why was it getting out of the picture. Examine how it can be revived and the issues raised in the conference. 

Keywords to be included:

Video conference, SAARC, COVID-19, curb, open borders, screening, cooperation, information sharing, revival, rivalry, kashmir raised at the meeting, etc. 

Body

  • Mention what is SAARC and why it is important. 
  • Examine the key outcomes and the challenges raised at the summit. 
  • Examine the issues that have hampered the summit. 
  • Highlight a path forward for SAARC as an organisation. 

Conclusion Mention the need for the revival of SAARC and sketch the future course. 

  1. Fight against virus must include ‘precaution, education, counselling’. Comment.

Demand of the question:

COVID-19 has become a buzzword of the year, and it is not going anywhere anytime soon. The industry has focused on a ‘precaution, education, and counselling’ strategy for curbing the menace of the virus in the country. Examine all the aspects in detail and mention the challenges that loom around it. 

Keywords to be included:

Virus, precaution, education, counselling, assistance, proactive screening, quarantine, awareness, fake news, rumours, availability of masks and sanitizers, diagnostics, public private partnerships, etc. 

Body

  • Highlight the rise of such viral infections in the last few years. 
  • Mention the causes behind their rapid expansion. 
  • Explain each point of the three-pronged strategy: 
    • Precaution
    • Education
    • Counselling
  • Mention the issues that remain and write a solution for the same. 

Conclusion Give a path forward to control the future outbreaks in the country. 

  1. Indian railway has been infamous for the safety standards adopted. Examine the changes proposed and implemented for improving this image. 

Demand of the question:

Indian railways has been under the flay for not being safe enough for its customers. Examine how railways remains unsafe for passenger safety, health and hygiene, operational safety, etc. Then mention the changes proposed and finally conclude by mentioning the need for modernisation of the railways. 

Keywords to be included:

Indian railways, accidents, health and sanitation, age-old infrastructure,  hygiene, quality of amenities, PPP, Proactive maintenance, better management, integration of technology, better customer support for detecting issues and rectifying them, etc. 

Body

  • Examine the issues that led to unsafe rails in India. 
  • Mention the problems associated with unsafe railways. 
  • Highlight the changes that have already been brought in place. 
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for making railways safer. 

Conclusion Women safety, hygiene and sanitation, etc can be used to conclude the answer for mentioning the need for a safer rail. 

  1. Political parties in India pursue power without adequate transparency and accountability. Comment.

Demand of the question:

Power without transparency and responsibility shall have two major aspects: Opacity in the functioning of the parties, and irresponsible selection of the candidates and contestants. Opacity is related to funding, decision making, etc. Responsibility is regarding opposition, policy analysis, selection of candidates, raising important concerns, etc. Discuss many dimensions when trying to write the answer. 

Keywords to be included:

Political parties, inter-party democracy, political funding, electoral bonds, cash donations, decision-making process, candidate selection, constructive opposition, hate speech, rallies and protests, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the challenges with the political parties in the country. 
  • Highlight the issues specific to transparency and accountability of the parties.
  • Examine the methods to ensure accountability in the country. 
  • Suggest the challenges that may arise in doing so. 
  • Provide solutions for the same. 

Conclusion Mention how political parties are like the heart of the democratic system, and why should they be reformed. 

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