1. Telecom sector needs relief as well as stringent regulations. Comment.

Introduction Begin the answer by the AGR ruling, and poor state of telecom.


  • Examine the current situation
    • Poor quality of network
    • Loss making companies
    • AGR issue.
    • Stiff competition
  • Mention the challenges in revival
    • Newer technology coming up every day
    • Financial woes of the telecom sector.
    • Stiff regulations.
  • What is the dual issue
    • The new AGR ruling has brought some telecom on the verge of closure.
    • On one hand they are heavily regulated
    • On the other they fail to provide quality services.
  • What are the solutions
    • Relaxing the norms for payment of dues
    • Promoting consumer rights by legislation.
    • Ensure compliance to local laws by the telcos.

Conclusion The AGR may seem to be a harsh ruling on the telcos, but they have had it coming for sometime now. There is a need to ensure that the consumer services remain unaffected, and the introduction of 5G is done in a time bound manner.

  1. Examine the feasibility of and challenges associated with Indian Judicial Services.

Introduction Indian Judicial Services has been in the demands recently again. Introduce the answer with the news for the same.


  • Introduce the idea of the Indian Judicial Services.
  • What is the need for the said service?
    • Filling in the vacancies.
    • Bringing efficiency in judicial process
    • Reduce pendency of the cases.
    • Better representation to backward sections
  • What are the challenges with the AIJS?
    • Can hamper the independence of the judiciary.
    • Even if the parliament creates a legislation, the judiciary may simply declare it in violation of the basic structure.
    • It may bring young judges into the system who will lack the experience.
  • Suggest some solutions for these challenges.
    • Bringing center, state, and judiciary on a common platform to examine the feasibility of the service.
    • Active role of states in filling the vacancies.
    • Having an all stakeholder approach to resolve the situation.

Conclusion Suggest a way forward to the situation seeking for proactive legislation from center and states, and cooperation from the judiciary.

  1. Indian heritage needs a step by step plan for conservation. Elucidate.

Introduction India is home to one of the richest heritage sites in the world. However, its heritage is being threatened constantly due to a variety of issues.


  • Mention the major issues and challenges
    • Lack of integrated strategy
    • Encroachment and illegal occupation
    • Pollution and Acid rain
    • Tourism and illegal behaviour of tourisms
    • Degradation and lack of conservation
  • Suggest some steps taken for improving the same.
    • Creation of a National database on Built Heritage and sites from secondary sources and a National database on Antiquities from different sources and museums.
    • Adopt a heritage program.
    • Tourist circuits in the country throughout.
  • Some of the solutions are:
    • Enhancing the utilisation of technology
    • Meeting the human resource constraints.
    • Preparation of integrated management and conservation strategy
    • Incentivising the private companies for improving the status using the CSR funds, etc.

Conclusion Mention the need for better citizen participation for ensuring conservation of the heritage in the country.

  1. What is BIMSTEC? Why is it important for India?

Introduction Introduce the answer by providing a brief background on BIMSTEC.


  • Give a background about the BIMSTEC.
  • Examine the need for it
    • Came to replace SAARC.
    • Geographically more relevant
    • The Bay of Bengal is a route to more than 1/4th trade in the world. .
    • Avoids India Pakistan issue.
  • What are the benefits?
    • In sync with the blue economy vision of India.
    • Maritime security
    • SAGAR initiative
    • Regional connectivity
    • Strategic supremacy
  • What are the challenges?
    • Lack of human resources
    • Bhutan has expressed environmental concerns for connectivity
    • Countering more lucrative china
    • Lack of economic integration
    • Lack of political commitment.

Conclusion Mention that BIMSTEC presents many opportunities for India, and thus it would be unwise to let it die a slow death the same way as SAARC.

  1. Apiculture has a huge potential when combined with traditional agriculture. Examine the challenges and suggest solutions for integrating it with agriculture.

Introduction Mention what is apiculture and give some data on its current status in India.


  • Mention the present status
  • Mention the benefits it can bring
    • Agricultural productivity.
    • Enhancing employment generation.
    • Augmenting nutritional security.
    • Sustaining biodiversity.
  • What are the economic impacts
    • Honey as a source of nutritional food.
    • Beeswax for cosmetics industries, polishing industries, pharmaceutical industries, etc.
    • Pollination of crops.
    • Addon income for the agricultural households in the country.
  • What are the challenges:
    • Non-availability of honey boxes to the beekeepers
    • Sustainable market access for primary producers
    • Inadequate training in the management of apiary.
    • Lack of honey marketing facilities
    • Virtually no government support to the industry
  • Solutions:
    • Institutionalisation of beekeeping
    • Providing training to the farmers.
    • Pushing for honey processing and export globally
    • National and local infrastructure for the same.
    • Apiculture as a subject in the ICAR.

Conclusion Connect apiculture with the goal of doubling the farmers’ income and conclude with

You can also download the (Answer Synopsis): Current Affairs Based Mains Drill - by clicking here.